A Baker from Goa Summary Class 10

Notes for Class 10

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Class 10 English A Baker from Goa Summary

The lesson begins with how narrator’s elders often recall the time when Goa was under the rule of the Portuguese. They talk how the importance of bakers is still maintained in their villages even after the Portuguese have left. They are known as ‘Paders’ in Goa. The mixers, moulders and their time-tested furnaces continue to serve the people of Goa with their famous bread loaves. It is possible that the original ones may not exist, but their profession is being continued by their sons. The thud of their bamboo stick can still be heard in some parts of the village. The same jingling thud would wake the narrator and his friends during their childhood days who would go running to him without brushing or washing their mouth properly. It was the maid-servant of the house who collected the loaves while children sorted out the bread bangles for themselves. Bakery products have importance in the culture and traditions of Goa. Bol or sweet bread is a part of marriage gifts, cakes and Bolinhas or coconut cookies are eaten at every festival and the lady of the house prepares sandwiches at her daughter’s engagement. Earlier bakers wore a unique frock of knee-length known as ‘kabai’ but during the narrator’s childhood days, they wore a shirt and trousers of length slightly shorter than the usual ones. They generally collected their bills at the end of every month. Bakery has continued to be a profitable profession, managing to keep their families joyous and prosperous.

Summary in Hindi

पाठ की शुरुआत इस बात से होती है कि कैसे कथाकार के बुजुर्ग अक्सर उस समय को याद करते हैं जब गोवा के शासन के अधीन था पुर्तगाली। वे बात करते हैं कि कैसे उनके गांवों में बेकरियों का महत्व आज भी बरकरार है पुर्तगाली चले गए हैं। उन्हें गोवा में ‘पैडर्स’ के नाम से जाना जाता है। मिक्सर, मोल्डर्स और उनका समय-परीक्षण किया गया गोवा के लोगों को अपनी प्रसिद्ध रोटियों के साथ भट्टियां परोसना जारी है। यह संभव है कि मूल मौजूद नहीं हो सकते हैं, लेकिन उनका पेशा उनके बेटों द्वारा जारी रखा जा रहा है। उनके की गड़गड़ाहट गांव के कुछ हिस्सों में अभी भी बांस की छड़ी सुनाई देती है। वही जिंगलिंग गड़गड़ाहट जाग जाएगी अपने बचपन के दिनों में कथावाचक और उसके दोस्त जो बिना ब्रश किए उसके पास दौड़े चले जाते थे या अपना मुंह ठीक से धोना। यह घर की दासी-नौकर थी जिसने रोटियां बटोरते समय बच्चों ने अपने लिए ब्रेड चूड़ियाँ छाँट लीं। संस्कृति में बेकरी उत्पादों का महत्व है और गोवा की परंपराएं। बोल या मीठी रोटी शादी के उपहार, केक और बोलिन्हा या नारियल का एक हिस्सा है part कुकीज हर त्यौहार पर खाई जाती है और घर की महिला अपनी बेटी के लिए सैंडविच बनाती है सगाई। पहले बेकर्स घुटने की लंबाई का एक अनोखा फ्रॉक पहनते थे जिसे ‘कबाई’ के नाम से जाना जाता था, लेकिन इस दौरान कथावाचक के बचपन के दिनों में, उन्होंने एक शर्ट और पतलून पहनी थी जो सामान्य लोगों की तुलना में थोड़ी छोटी थी। वे आम तौर पर हर महीने के अंत में अपने बिल जमा करते थे। बेकरी एक लाभदायक बनी हुई है पेशा, अपने परिवारों को खुशहाल और समृद्ध रखने का प्रबंध करना।

A Baker from Goa Summary Class 10 Class 10 English Important Questions

Extract Based Questions (Solved)
Read the following extracts carefully and answer the questions that follow

We kid would be pushed aside with a mild rebuke and the loaves would be delivered to the servant. But we would not give up. We would climb a bench or the parapet and peep into the basket, somehow. I can still recall the typical fragrance of those loaves. Loaves for the elders and the bangles for the children.

Question & Answer

Question. Who are ‘we’ in the extract?
 ‘We’ in the extract refers to the narrator and his friends.

Question. Why were the children pushed aside?
 The kids were pushed aside so that the breads can be delivered to the servants.

Question. Which word/phrase in the extract means the same as ‘an expression of disapproval/a scolding’?
The word ‘rebuke’ from the extract means ‘an expression of disapproval/a scolding’.

Question. What was there in the basket?
Ans. There were some loaves for the elders and some bangles for the children.

Extract Based Questions (Solved)
Read the following extracts carefully and answer the questions that follow

Marriage gifts are meaningless without the sweet bread known as the bol, just as a party or a feast loses its charm without bread. Not enough can be said to show how important a baker can be for a village. The lady of the house must prepare sandwiches on the occasion of her daughter’s engagement. Cakes and bolinhas are a must for Christmas as well as other festivals. Thus, the presence of the baker’s furnace in the village is absolutely essential.

Question & Answer

Question. What are compulsorily prepared during Christmas in Goa?
During Christmas cakes and bolinhas are compulsorily prepared in Goa.

Question. Why is a baker necessary in a village?
A baker is necessary in a village because different kinds of breads are required by the villagers for
daily consumption as well as for special occasions.

Question. Find the word in the extract which means ‘celebration meal’.
 ‘Feast’ from the extract means ‘celebration meal’.

Question. What is must to be prepared on a daughter’s engagement by a lady?
Ans. The lady of the house must prepare sandwiches on the occasion of her daughter’s engagement.

Extract Based Questions (Solved)
Read the following extracts carefully and answer the questions that follow

The baker usually collected his bills at the end of the month. Monthly accounts used to be recorded on some wall in pencil. Baking was indeed a profitable profession in the old days. The baker and his family never starved. He, his family and his servants always looked happy and prosperous. Their plump physique was an open testimony to this. Even today any person with a jackfruit-like physical appearance is easily compared to a baker.

Question & Answer

Question. Where did the baker record his accounts?
The baker recorded his accounts on some wall in pencil.

Question. Why did the baker and his family never starve?
 The baker and his family never starved because baking was a profitable profession.

Question. Which work in the extract is a synonym of ‘build’?
Ans. ‘Physique’ from the extract is the synonym of ‘build’.

Question. How can a baker be identified in Goa?
Ans. Any person with a Jackfruit-like physical appearance is easily identified to a baker as their pump physique is an open testimony of their happiness and prosperity.

Short Answer Questions 

Question. What did the baker do first once he reached a house?
Ans. The baker would first greet the lady of the house by saying “Good Morning”. He would then place the basket on the vertical bamboo and deliver the loaves to the servant.

Question. How did the baker make his entry?
Ans. The baker used to enter with the Jingling sound of his specially made bamboo staff. His one hand supported the basket on his head and the other banged the bamboo on the ground.

Question. How do we get to know that the makers of bread still exist?
Ans. The narrator states that the eaters of loaves might have vanished but the makers are still there. He further says that those age old, time tested furnaces still exist and the fire in the furnaces had not yet been extinguished.

Question. What is the importance of breads for the Goans?
Why was the Baker’s furnace essential in a traditional Goan village?
Ans. Different kinds of breads are important during the different occasions. Bolinhas had to be prepared during Christmas and other festivals. The mothers used to prepare sandwiches on the occasion of their daughter’s engagement. So, the baker’s furnace was essential.

Question. Describe the dress of the bakers.
Ans. The bakers had a peculiar dress earlier known as the kabai. It was a one-piece long frock reaching down to the knees.

Long Answer Questions

Question. Instead of enjoying their childhood, the children today are keen to enter adulthood. After reading about all the joys that the author Lucio Rodrigues had in his childhood do you think such a keenness on the part of children is desirable?
Ans. I don’t think that the keenness of the children these days to enter adulthood is desirable. Children these days are in a hurry to enter adulthood and have access to technology. Due to this they are learning things earlier than usual and getting matured beyond their age. Hence, they are losing out their childhood and missing the joys that it brings with it. As per my thinking, they should grow at a slow pace and enjoy their childhood to the fullest. Children who miss out on their childhood cannot be a complete adult. So, they should not hurry up to be an adult and grow at nature’s pace.

Question. After reading the story ‘A Baker from Goa”, do you think our traditions, heritage, values and practices are the roots that nourish us? Why/why not?
Ans. ‘A Baker from Goa’ highlights the importance of the traditional practice of making breads for every occasion and festival of the Goan people. This tradition continues even today. This shows how our traditional practices can keep us to our past and heritage. Traditional values shape our personality and also provide us emotional support. They enable us to face difficult situations and makes us mentally strong. Traditional practices also have an impact on our behavioral pattern towards the other people in society.

Question. ‘During our childhood in Goa, the baker used to be our friend, companion and guide.’ What does this statement imply in relation to the character of the baker?
Ans. This statement tells us that the baker was a very respected person in the Goan society because he would guide the children about good behaviour (when he mildly rebuked them for peeping into his basket and giving respect to the elders (when he wished “Good morning” to the lady of the house) etc. He was very informal with the children and so the author considered him as a friend and companion. He was not simply a vendor interested in selling what he made. Thus, he was an important character in the Goan society of those days.

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a baker from goa summary