Please refer to Indian Accounting for Partnership Firms – Basic Concepts Class 12 Accountancy Exam Questions provided below. These questions and answers for Class 12 Accountancy have been designed based on the past trend of questions and important topics in your class 12 Accountancy books. You should go through all Class 12 Accountancy Important Questions provided by our teachers which will help you to get more marks in upcoming exams.
Class 12 Accountancy Exam Questions Indian Accounting for Partnership Firms – Basic Concepts
Class 12 Accountancy students should read and understand the important questions and answers provided below for Indian Accounting for Partnership Firms – Basic Concepts which will help them to understand all important and difficult topics.
Question. State the conditions under which capital balances may change under the system of a Fixed Capital Account.
Ans. (i) When additional capital is introduced.
(ii) When capital is withdrawn.
Question. A is partner in a firm. His capital as on Jan 01, 2007 was Rs. 60,000. He introduced additional capital of Rs. 20000 on Oct 01 2007. Calculate interest on A’s capital @ 9% p.a.
Ans. 60000 X 9/100 = 5400
20000 X 9/100 X 3/12 = 450
Total Interest 5850
Question. Alka, Barkha and Charu are partners in a firm having no partnership agreement. Alka, Barkha and Charu contributed Rs. 20,000, Rs. 30,000 and Rs. 1,00,000 respectively. Alka and Barkha desire that the profit should be divided in the ratio of capital contribution. Charu does not agree to this. How will you settle the dispute.
Ans. Charu is correct as in the absence of partnership agreement, profits and losses are divided equally among partners.
Question. A and B are partners in a firm without a partnership deed. A is an active partner and claims a salary of Rs. 18,000 per month. State with reason whether the claim is valid or not.
Ans. A’s claim is not valid as in the absence of partnership deed, no salary is allowed to partners.
Question. Chandar and Suman are partners in a firm without a partnership deed. Chandar’s capital is Rs. 10,000 and Suman’s capital is Rs. 14,000. Chander has advanced a loan of Rs. 5000 and claim interest @ 12% p.a. State whether his claim is valid or not.
Ans. Chander’s claim is not valid as in the absence of partnership deed interest on partners loan is provided @ 6% p.a.
Question. R, S, and T entered into a partnership of manufacturing and distributing educational CD’s on April 01, 2006. R looked after the business development, S content development and T financed the project. At the end of the year (31-03-2007) T wanted an interest of 12% on the capital employed by him. The other partners were not inclined to this. How would you resolve this within the ambit of the Indian Partnership Act, 1932?
Ans. As per provision of Indian Partnership act 1932, when there is no partnership, no partner is entitled for interest on his capital contribution.
Question. A, B and C are partners in a firm. A withdrew Rs. 1000 in the beginning of each month of the year. Calculate interest on A’s drawing @ 6% p.a.
Ans. Interest on drawing = 12000 X 6/100 X 6.5/12 = 390
Question. A, B and C are partners in a firm, B withdrew Rs. 800 at the end of each month of the year. Calculate interest on B’s drawings @ 6% p.a.
Ans. Interest on drawing = 9600 X 6/100 X 5.5/12 = 264
Question. A, B and C are partners in a firm. They have omitted interest on capital @ 10 % p.a. for three years ended 31st march 2007. Their fixed capitals on which interest was to be calculated through –out were
A Rs. 1,00,000
B Rs. 80,000
C Rs. 70,000
Give the necessary Journal entry with working notes.
Ans. ANALYSIS TABLE
|Interest on Capital (3 years) Cr.||30000||24000||21000|
|Adjustment of profit Dr.||25000||25000||25000|
|(Cr) 5000||(Dr) 1000||(Dr) 4000)|
Journal Entry :-
B’s current A/C Dr. 1000
C’s Current A/C Dr. 4000
To A’s current A/C 5000
(Adjustment entry for omission of interest on capital @ 10% p.a.)
Question. X, Y, and Z are partners sharing profits and losses in the ratio of 3:2:1. After the final accounts have been prepared it was discovered that interest on drawings @ 5 % had not been taken into consideration. The drawings of the partner were X Rs. 15000, Y Rs. 12,600, Z Rs. 12,000. Give the necessary adjusting Journal entry.
Ans. ANALYSIS TABLE
|Interest on drawings (Dr)||750||630||600||1980|
|Adjustment of profit (Cr)||990||660||330||1980|
|(Cr) 240||(Cr) 30||(Dr)270||–|
Z’s Capital A/C Dr. 270
To X’s Current A/C 240
To Y’s current A/C 30
(Adjustment entry for omission of interest on drawings @ 5 % p.a.)
Question. A, B and C are partners sharing profits and losses in the ratio of 3:2:1. Their fixed capitals are Rs. 1,50,000, Rs. 1,00,000 and Rs. 80,000 respectively. Profit for the year after providing interest on capital was Rs. 60,000, which was wrongly transferred to partners equally. After distribution of profit it was found that interest on capital provided to them @ 10% instead of 12% . Pass necessary adjustment entry.
Show your working clearly.
Ans. ANALYSIS TABLE
|Wrong profit Dr.||20000||20000||20000||60000|
|Interest on Capital @ 2% Cr.||3000||2000||1600||6600|
|Correct profit Cr.||26700||17800||8900||53400|
|(Cr) 9700||(Dr) 200||(Dr) 9500||–|
B’s Current A/C Dr. 200
C’s Current A/C Dr. 9500
To A’s current A/C 9700
(Adjustment entry for interest on capital and distribution in wrong ratio.)
Question. Ravi and Mohan were partner in a firm sharing profits in the ratio of 7:5. Their respective fixed capitals were Ravi Rs. 10,00,000 and Mohan Rs. 7,00,000. The partnership deed provided for the following:-
(i) Interest on capital @ 12% p.a.
(ii) Ravi’s salary Rs. 6000 per month and Mohan’s salary Rs. 60000 per year.
The profit for the year ended 31-03-2007 was Rs. 5,04,000 which was distributed equally without providing for the above. Pass an adjustment Entry.
Ans. ANALYSIS TABLE
|Wrong Profit Distributed Dr.||252000||252000||504000|
|Interest on capital omitted Cr.||120000||84000||204000|
|Salary to be provided Cr.||72000||60000||132000|
|Current Profit Cr.||98000||70000||168000|
Net adjustment Cr. 38000 Dr. 38000
Mohan’s current A/C Dr. 38000
To Ravi’s Current A/C 38000
(Adjustment entry for omission of certain provisions of partnership deed.)
Question. Distinguish between fixed capital method and fluctuating capital method.
Ans. Distinction between Fixed and Fluctuating Capital method:-
|Basis of differences||Fixed capital method||Fluctuating Capital Method|
|(i) Number of Accounts||Two accounts are maintained in fixed capital method.||Only one account is maintained.|
|(ii) Change in capital A/C balances||Remain unchanged||Balance fluctuate frequently.|
|(iii) Recording of transactions||Adjustment regarding interest on capital, interest on drawings partners salary and profits etc are recorded in partners current account.||All these adjustments are recorded in partners capital accounts.|
Question. A, B and C were partners in a firm having capitals of Rs. 60,000, Rs. 60,000 and Rs. 80,000 respectively. Their current account balances were A- Rs. 10,000, B- Rs. 5000 and C- Rs. 2000 (Dr.). According to the partnership deed the partners were entitled to an interest on capital @ 5% p.a. C being the working partner was also entitled to a salary of Rs. 6,000 p. a. The profits were to be divided as follows:
(i) The first Rs. 20,000 in proportion to their capitals.
(ii) Next Rs. 30,000 in the ratio of 5:3:2.
(iii) Remaining profits to be shared equally.
During the year the firm made a profit of Rs. 1,56,000 before charging any of the above items.
Prepare the profit and loss appropriate on A/C.
Ans. Profit transferred to A’s current A/C Rs. 51,000
B’s current A/C Rs. 45,000
C’s current A/C Rs. 44,000
Question. A and B are partners sharing profits in proportion of 3:2 with capitals of Rs. 40,000 and Rs. 30,000 respectively. Interest on capital is agreed at 5 % p.a. B is to be allowed an annual salary of Rs. 3000 which has not been withdrawn. During 2001 the profits for the year prior to calculation of interest on capital but after charging B’s salary amounted to Rs. 12,000. A provision of 5% of this amount is to be made in respect of commission to the manager.
Ans. Net profit transferred to A’s Capital A/C Rs. 4,650
B’s Capital A/C Rs. 3,100
We hope you liked the above provided Indian Accounting for Partnership Firms – Basic Concepts Class 12 Accountancy Exam Questions. If you have any further questions please put them in the comments section below so that our teachers can provide you an answer.