Please refer to Agriculture Class 10 Social Science Exam Questions provided below. These questions and answers for Class 10 Social Science have been designed based on the past trend of questions and important topics in your class 10 Social Science books. You should go through all Class 10 Social Science Important Questions provided by our teachers which will help you to get more marks in upcoming exams.
Class 10 Social Science Exam Questions Agriculture
Class 10 Social Science students should read and understand the important questions and answers provided below for Agriculture which will help them to understand all important and difficult topics.
Very Short Answer Type Questions
Question. What is the position of India, in the world, in terms of sugarcane production ?
Answer : The position of India is second in the world, in terms of sugarcane production.
Question. What is Wet Land Farming ?
Answer : It is a type of farming which is practised in high rainfall and irrigated areas, e.g., cultivation of rice and sugarcane.
Question. What is agriculture ?
Answer : The art and science of cultivating soil, raising crops and rearing livestock including animal husbandry and forestry is called agriculture.
Question. Mention any four plantation crops produced in India.
Answer. Tea, coffee, rubber and sugarcane.
Question. What is Sericulture? OR Name two cotton producing states of India.
Answer : Rearing of silkworms for the production of silk fibre is known as Sericulture. OR Maharashtra and Gujarat.
Short Answer Type Questions
Question. Which type of climate is required for the cotton industry ?
Answer : India is believed to be the original home of the cotton plant. Cotton is one of the main raw materials required for the cotton textile industry. India is the third largest producer of cotton in the world. Cotton grows well in drier parts of the black cotton soil of the Deccan plateau. It requires high temperature, light rainfall or irrigation, 210 frost free days and bright sunshine for its growth. It is a Kharif crop and requires 6 to 8 months to nature.
Question. Which steps were taken by the Government of India to modernize agriculture ?
Answer : Agriculture has been the backbone of Indian economy, though its share in the Gross Domestic Product (GDP) has registered a declining trend from 1951 onwards. Considering the importance of agriculture in India, the Government of India made efforts to modernize agriculture. Establishment of Indian Council of Agricultural Research, agricultural universities, veterinary services and animal breeding centers, horticulture development, research and development in the field of meteorology and weather forecast were some of the steps which were given priority for improving the Indian agriculture.
Long Answer Type Questions
Question. What are technological and institutional reforms which led to Green Revolution and White Revolution ?
Answer : In India, agriculture has been practiced for thousands of years. Sustained uses of land without compatible technological and institutional reforms have hindered the pace of agricultural development. Agriculture which provides livelihood for more than 60% of its population needs some serious technical and institutional reforms. Institutional reforms : Collectivisation, consolidation of holdings, cooperation and abolition of zamindari system were given priority to bring about institutional reforms in the country after independence. Land reform was the main focus of the first five year plan. The right of inheritance had already lead to fragmentation of land holdings necessitating consolidation of holdings. Kissan credit card, personal accident insurance scheme were also introduced by the government. Special weather bulletins and agricultural programs for farmers were introduced in the radio and television. Technological reforms : The Green Revolution based on the use of packaged technology and the White Revolution were two of the strategies initiated to improve Indian agriculture. The government also announced minimum support price remunerative and procurement prices for important crops to check the exploitation of farmers by speculators and middlemen.
Question. ”The declining share of agriculture in the Gross Domestic Product (GDP) is a matter of serious concern in India.” Support the statement.
Answer : Agriculture has been the backbone of the Indian economy though its share in the Gross Domestic Product (GDP) has registered a declining trend from 1951 onwards. The declining share of agriculture in the GDP is a matter of serious concern because:
(i) Any decline and stagnation in agriculture will lead to decline in other spheres of the economy having wider implications on the society.
(ii) In 2010–11 about 52 per cent of the total workforce was employed by the agriculture sector, which makes more than half of the Indian population dependent on agriculture for sustenance. Analysing the importance of agriculture in India, the Government of India made concerte efforts to modernise agriculture through establishment of Indian Council of Agricultural Research (ICAR), agricultural universities, veterinary services and animal breeding, horticulture development, research and development in weather forecast and field of meteorology, etc.
Question. “The Government of India has introduced various institutional and technological reforms to improve agriculture in the 1980s and 1990s.” Support this statement with examples.
Answer : Introduction Government of India launched various institutional and technological reforms lite Green revolution pass Don a package technology and operational fluid was introduced to improve agriculture and allied products.
(b) Schemes introduction scheme introduced like a
• PAIS ( personal accident insurance scheme )
• Kisan credit card
(c) provision of cheap credit:-
• coopentitive societies
• gramin Banks.
Irrigational facility , technological support provide programs for means in akashvani and Doordarshan in language.
(e) subside on teals implement of agriculture and announcement of minimum support price to eliminate middlemen.
Question. Describe the temperature and climatic conditions required for the cultivation of sugarcane. Name two leading producers. OR What geographical conditions are required for the cultivation of sugarcane ? Name the two largest producing states of sugarcane.
Answer. (i) Temperature : Sugarcane needs hot and humid climate with temperature ranging between 21°C to 27°C. Very high temperature is harmful for its growth, while low temperature slows its growth. It cannot withstand frost. Cool temperature is needed at the time of ripening.
(ii) Rainfall : It grows best in areas receiving 75 cms to 100 cms of rainfall. Too heavy rainfall results in low sugar content.
(iii) Soil : Sugarcane grows on well-drained fertile soil. It can grow on a variety of soils including black, alluvial, loamy and reddish loam. But the best soil is the alluvial soil of the Ganga plain and the black soil of southern India. Sugarcane exhausts the fertility of the soil. Hence, the use of manure is essential to ensure high yields.
(iv) Areas of production : Uttar Pradesh is the largest producer of sugarcane. The other states in the Ganga-plain are Bihar, Punjab and Haryana.