Question. You are Sudhir/Swathi of 15, Ram Bagh, New Delhi. You are alarmed at the increasing obesity among school students. Taking information from the graph given aside, together with your own ideas and the ideas taken from the unit, “Health and Medicine”, write an article in about 100-120 words. Also suggest measures to curb obesity.
Ans. Children and Obesity
India is a land of contrasts. There are millions of malnourished children in India. On the other hand, millions of children suffer from the disease of affluence-obesity. The increasing obesity among school children is really a cause of concern. The figures for years 2000 to 2007 show that obesity in the age group of 15-19 is maximum. Then comes the age group of 11-14. The age group of 5-10 has the minimum obesity. With the advent of liberalisation, the purchasing power and economic prosperity of the middle classes have increased. Their children are leading lives of comfort and luxury. The result is the growing obesity among children. During the last five years, the level of obesity has been sharply rising. Actually, it has shown a five-fold growth. The culture of ‘junk foods’ has aggravated the problem. The craze for burgers, pizzas and colas is making our children obese. Over-eating and lack of exercises and physical activities make things even worse. Parents beware! Monitor the food habits and life-styles of your children. Racing, jogging or exercising can keep them slim and trim. Always remember that a sound mind lives in a sound body. Eat less and eat more fruits and vegetables. Take serious note of your obesity before it is too late for redemption.
Question. Take help from the following clues and write an article on ‘More Ads Than News and Features’ in about 100-120 words.
• Ads and adds on TV.
• Ads dominate print media.
• Mint money; attract buyers and sellers.
• Create styles, trends and fashions.
• Diluted news and features
Ans. More Ads Than News and Features
The world of liberalisation and globalisation has given birth to unsatiable consumerism. ‘Use and Throw’ is the slogan of the times. Things have to be sold. Selling gives money. And money makes the mare go. One good commercial
advertisement is worth more than hundreds of salesman. Such is the importance of advertisements in industry, trade, commerce and business. It is no exaggeration that on TV we have more ads than news. After a few minutes a ‘break’ is announced. And then starts a flood of commercial advertisements. You find the Shahanshah of Bollywood, Amitabh Bachchan selling ‘Binani Cement’. Then comes the ‘Badshah’ telling you to use ‘Fair and Lovely’ for your bright complexion. And our glittering damsels of Bollywood can’t be left behind. Aishwarya sells L’Oreal; Katrina patronises
‘Veet’ and Priyanka and Karina settling for ‘Bajaj Scooty’ and ‘Boro Plus’ respectively. News and features have become secondary. We have more adds than features or events.
TV, cinema, newspapers, magazines are full of advertisements. Ads are trend and style setters. Millions are earned just for a commercial advertisement of a few minutes! If things are to be sold then you can’t avoid patronising commercial
advertisements. They are the lifeline of trade, business and the media.
Question. Write an article in about 100-20 words on ‘Corruption in Public Places and Institutions in India’.
Ans. Corruption in Public Places and Institutions in India
India got independence from foreign exploitation and colonial masters in 1947. Little did people think that the burden of the dark skinned masters would be more cumbersome and shattering than that the white rulers. Within decades, corruption and nepotism started polluting minds and morals of our leaders, politicians, bureaucrats and institutions. The Bofors scandal brought the downfall of Rajiv Gandhi’s government. The charges were that the government charged commissions in the Bofors gun-deal. No political party has remained above board in the eyes of the people. Even the President of the BJP, Sh. Bangaru Laxman had to resign after caught taking bribes on the camera in a sting operation. The UPA II Government was rocked by a series of scams and scandals. It started with the commonwealth games in Delhi. Crores of unaccounted money went in to the pockets of the organisers and officials. Not only was the public money misappropriated but India’s image had a serious dent in the outside world. The arrests of Raja and Kalmadi exposed the ugly face of our politicians and the deep decay of our institutions. Unfortunately, no one, right from the Prime Mnister to an ordinary clerk, seems above board and free from suspicion. The opposition and other political parties are not far behind. The Yedurappa government was ousted as it disgraced and drowned itself in the mire of corruption. Series of scams and scandals gave birth to many public protests and outbursts in the form of Anna Hazare’s movement for the Jan Lokpal. The common masses are the worst sufferers. They have to bribe the corrupt officials in the offices, politicians in power and policemen in uniforms. Things must change or the anger of common masses knows or cares neither time nor direction.