# Case Study Chapter 5 Magnetism and Matter Class 12 Physics

Please refer to below Case Study Chapter 5 Magnetism and Matter Class 12 Physics. These Case Study Questions Class 12 Physics will be coming in your examinations. Students should go through the Chapter 5 Magnetism and Matter Case Study based questions in their Class 12 Physics CBSE, NCERT, KVS book as this will help them to secure more marks in upcoming exams.

## Case Study Based Questions Physics Class 12 – Chapter 5 Magnetism and Matter

Elements of the Earth’s Magnetic Field. The earth’s magnetic field at a point on its surface is usually characterised by three quantities:

(a) declination (b) inclination or dip and (c) horizontal component of the field. These are known as the elements of the earth’s magnetic field. At a place, angle between geographic meridian and magnetic meridian is defined as magnetic declination, whereas angle made by the earth’s magnetic field with the horizontal in magnetic meridian is known as magnetic dip.

Question. In a certain place, the horizontal component of magnetic field is 1/√3 times the vertical component. The angle of dip at this place is
(a) Zero
(b) π/3
(c) π/2
(d) π/6

B

Question. The angle between the true geographic north and the north shown by a compass needle is called as
(a) inclination
(b) magnetic declination
(c) angle of meridian
(d) magnetic pole

B

Question. The angle of dip at the poles and the equator respectively are
(a) 30º, 60º
(b) 0º, 90º
(c) 45º, 90º
(d) 90º, 0º

D

Question. A compass needle which is allowed to move in a horizontal plane is taken to a geomagnetic pole.
(a) It will become rigid showing no movement.
(b) It will stay in any position.
(c) It will stay in north-south direction only.
(d) It will stay in east-west direction only.

A

Question. Select the correct statement from the following:
(a) The magnetic dip is zero at the centre of the earth.
(b) Magnetic dip decreases as we move away from the equator towards the magnetic pole.
(c) Magnetic dip increases as we move away from the equator towards the magnetic pole.
(d) Magnetic dip does not vary from place to place.

C

Gauss’s Law for Magnetism. By analogy to Gauss’s law of electrostatics, we can write Gauss’s law of magnetism as φB d s = μ0 min side where φB d s→ is the magnetic flux and min side is the net pole strength inside the closed surface. We do not have an isolated magnetic pole in nature. At least none has been found to exist till date. The smallest unit of the source of magnetic field is a magnetic dipole where the net magnetic pole is zero. Hence, the net magnetic pole enclosed by any closed surface is always zero. Correspondingly, the flux of the flux of the magnetic field through any closed surface is zero

Question, Consider the two idealised systems
I. a parallel plate capacitor with large plates and small separation and
II. a long solenoid of length L >> R, radius of cross-section.
In I is ideally treated as a constant between plates and zero outside. In II magnetic field is constant inside the solenoid and zero outside. These idealised assumptions, however, contradict fundamental laws as
(a) case I contradicts Gauss’s law for electrostatic fields.
(b) case II contradicts Gauss’s law for magnetic fields.

B

Question. The net magnetic flux through any closed surface, kept in a magnetic field is

A

Question. A closed surface S encloses a magnetic dipole of moment 2ml. The magnetic flux emerging from the surface is
(a) μ0m
(b) zero
(c) 2μ0m
(d) 2m/∝0

B

Question. Which of the following is not a consequence of Gauss’s law?
(a) The magnetic poles always exist as unlike pairs of equal strength.
(b) If several magnetic lines of force enter in a closed surface, then an equal number of lines of force must leave that surface.
(c) There are abundant sources or sinks of the magnetic field inside a closed surface.
(d) Isolated magnetic poles do not exist.

C

Question. The surface integral of a magnetic field over a surface
(a) is proportional to mass enclosed.
(b) is proportional to charge enclosed.
(c) is zero.
(d) equal to its magnetic flux through that surface.

D

Magnetisation and Magnetic Intensity. When the atomic dipoles are aligned partially or fully, there is a net magnetic moment in the direction of the field in any small volume of the material. The actual magnetic field inside material placed in magnetic field is the sum of the applied magnetic field and the magnetic field due to magnetisation. This field is called magnetic intensity (H).

The measure that tells us is how a magnetic material responds to an external field is given by a dimensionless quantity is appropriately called the magnetic susceptibility: for a certain class of magnetic materials, intensity of magnetisation is directly proportional to the magnetic intensity.

Question. Magnetization of a sample is
(a) volume of sample per unit magnetic moment
(b) net magnetic moment per unit volume
(c) ratio of magnetic moment and pole strength
(d) ratio of pole strength to magnetic moment

B

Question. Identify the wrongly matched quantity and unit pair.
(a) Pole strength                       —   Am
(b) Magnetic susceptibility       —    dimensionless no
(c) Intensity of magnetisation  —    A m-1
(d) Magnetic permeability        —    Henry m

D

Question. A bar magnetic has length 3 cm, cross-sectional area 2 cm2 and magnetic moment 3 A m2. The intensity of magnetisation of bar magnet is
(a) 2 × 105 A/m
(b) 3 × 105 A/m
(c) 4 × 105 A/m
(d) 5 × 105 A/m

D

Question. A solenoid has core of a material with relative permeability 500 and its windings carry a current of 1 A. The number of turns of the solenoid is 500 per metre. The magnetization of the material is nearly
(a) 2.5 × 103 A m-1
(b) 2.5 × 105 A m-1
(c) 2.0 × 103 A m-1
(d) 2.0 × 105 A m-1

B

Question. The relative permeability of iron is 6000. Its magnetic susceptibility is
(a) 5999
(b) 6001
(c) 6000 × 10-7
(d) 6000 × 107

A

Earth’s Magnetic Field. The magnetic field of the earth resemble that of a hypothetical magnetic dipole located at the centre of the earth. The axis of the dipole is presently tilted by approximately 11.3º with respect to the axis of rotation of the earth.

The pole near the geographic North pole of the earth is called North magnetic pole and the pole near the geographic South pole is called South magnetic pole.

Question. The strength of the earth’s magnetic field varies from place on the earth’s surface, its value being of the order of
(a) 105 T
(b) 10-6 T
(c) 10-5 T
(d) 108 T

C

Question. A bar magnet is placed North-South with its North-pole due North. The points of zero magnetic field will be in which direction from centre of magnet?
(a) North-South
(b) East-West
(c) North- East and South-West
(d) None of these

B

Question. The value of angle of dip is zero at the magnetic equator because on it
(a) V and H are equal
(b) the values of V and H zero
(c) the value of V is zero
(d) the value of H is zero

C

Question. The angle of dip at a certain place, where the horizontal and vertical components of the earth’s magnetic field are equal, is
(a) 30º
(b) 90º
(c) 60º
(d) 45º

D

Question. At a place, angle of dip is 30º. If horizontal component of earth’s magnetic field is H, then the total intensity of magnetic field will be

B

Magnetic Field Due to a Hollow Wire. The field of a hollow wire with constant current is homogeneous. Curves in the graph shown give, as functions of radius distance r, the magnitude B of magnetic field inside and outside four long wires a, b, c and d, carrying current that are uniformly distributed across the cross sections of the wires Overlapping portions of the plots are indicated by double labels.

Question. Which wire has the greatest magnitude of the magnetic field on the surface?
(a) a
(b) b
(c) c
(d) d

A

Question. The current density in a wire a is
(a) greater than in wire c
(b) less than in wire c
(c) equal to that in wire c
(d) not comparable to that of in wire c due to lack of information

B

Question. Which wire has the greatest radius?
(a) a
(b) b
(c) c
(d) d

C

Question. A direct current I flows along the length of an infinitely long straight thin walled pipe, than the magnetic field is
(a) uniform throughout the pipe not zero.
(b) zero only along the axis of the pipe.
(c) zero at any point inside the pipe.
(d) max. at the centre and min. at the edges.