Challenges to Democracy Class 10 Social Science Exam Questions

Exam Questions Class 10

Please refer to Challenges to Democracy Class 10 Social Science Exam Questions provided below. These questions and answers for Class 10 Social Science have been designed based on the past trend of questions and important topics in your class 10 Social Science books. You should go through all Class 10 Social Science Important Questions provided by our teachers which will help you to get more marks in upcoming exams.

Class 10 Social Science Exam Questions Challenges to Democracy

Class 10 Social Science students should read and understand the important questions and answers provided below for Challenges to Democracy which will help them to understand all important and difficult topics.

Very Short Answer Type Questions

Question. Which challenge to established democracies ensures more participation of women and minority groups in a democratic country?
Answer : The challenge of expansion.

Question. What does the challenge of expansion faced by established democracies involve?
Answer : (i) It involves applying basic principles of democratic government across all regions, different social groups and various institutions.
(ii) Greater power to local governments.

Question. A country holds an election to elect people’s representatives to form the government but the elections are not fair. Identify the kind of challenge faced by the people in such a country.
Answer : People face the challenge of expansion of democracy.

Short Answer Type Questions

Question. How would you like to expand the definition of democracy? Explain.
Answer : Definition of democracy shall be expanded by adding following features :
(i) The government elected by the people must take all the decisions.
(ii) Elections must offer a choice and fair opportunity to the people to change the current rulers.
(iii) The choice and opportunity should be available to all the people on an equal basis.
(iv) The exercise of this choice must lead to a government limited by the basic rules of the constitution and citizens’ rights.

Question. “The challenge of deepening of democracy is being faced by every democracy in one form or another.” Support the statement with arguments.
Answer : Deepening of democracy :
(i) Deepening of democracy involves strengthening the institutions and the practices of democracy.
(ii) The ordinary people have different expectations from democracy in different societies.
(iii) It wants more of people’s participation and control.
(iv) They want to bring down the control of rich and powerful people in the making of the governmental decision.

Question. “A challenge is an opportunity for progress.” Support the statement with your arguments.
“Challenge is an opportunity for progress.” Justify the statement.
‘A challenge is not just any problem but an opportunity for progress.’ Analyse the statement.
Answer : Challenge is an opportunity for progress:
A challenge is not just any problem. We usually call only those difficulties a challenge which are significant and which can be overcome. A challenge is a difficulty that carries within it an opportunity for progress. Once we overcome a challenge, we go up to higher level than before. Different countries face different kinds of challenges. At least one- fourth of the globe is still not under democratic government. The challenge for democracy in these parts of the world is very stark.

Question. What type of financial reforms should be brought to strengthen democracy and why?
Answer : The financial accounts of every political party should be made public. These accounts should be examined by government auditors.
There should be state funding of elections.
Citizens should be encouraged to give more donations to parties and to political workers. Such donations should be exempt from income tax.

Question. Explain three foundational challenges faced by democracies.
How do some countries face foundational challenge of democracy? Explain with example.
Answer : The foundational challenges faced by democracies include :
(i) Bringing down the existing non-democratic regimes.
(ii) Keeping the military away from controlling the government.
(iii) Establishing a sovereign and functional state.

Question. What are the features of a good democracy?
Answer : Features of a good democracy are :
(i) Rulers are elected by the people to take all decisions.
(ii) Elections give an opportunity and choice to the people to change the current ruler.
(iii) Democracy ensures that rights ensured by the constitution are given to the citizens.

Question. Elaborate the challenge of expansion of democracy. Give an example.
“Most of the established democracies are facing the challenge of expansion.” Support the statement with examples.
Explain the ‘Challenge of Expansion’ to democracy.
Answer : Most of the established democracies face the Challenge of Expansion :
(i) Citizens have great expectations from the government.
(ii) Government tries its best for the upliftment of the society.
(iii) Ensuring greater power to the local government.
(iv) Extension of federal principles to all the units of the federation including women and minority groups.

Question. How is Myanmar facing the foundational challenge of making a transition to democracy? Explain.
Answer : There is absence of democracy in Myanmar as the legitimately elected leader Aung San Suu Kyi has been under house arrest for more than 15 years.
She has been released recently :
(i) The army is in power in Myanmar and a democratically elected government is not allowed to function. (ii) The country faces the challenge of making a transition to democracy and then instituting a democratic government.
(iii) The people of Myanmar need to bring down the military regime and keep it away while they set up a sovereign and democratic government.

Question. Suggest some broad guidelines that can be kept in mind while devising ways and means for political reforms in India.
Answer : Guidelines for political reforms :
(i) Any legal change must carefully look at what results it will have on politics. Sometimes, the results may be counter- productive.
(ii) The main focus of political reforms should be on ways to strengthen democratic practice.
(iii) Any proposal for political reforms should think not only about what is a good solution but also about who will implement it and how.

Question. How are the challenges to democracy linked to the possibility of political reforms? Explain.
Answer : Each challenge in a democracy is linked to the possibility of reforms. All the countries do not have the same challenges.
(i) Carefully devised changes in law can help to discourage wrong political practices.
(ii) Democratic reforms are to be carried out by political activists, parties, movements and politically conscious citizens.
(iii) Political participation by ordinary citizens should be there.
(iv) Democratic movements, citizen’s organization and media should play an important role.
(v) Empowerment of people through laws, e.g., RTI.

Question. What is a democratic reform? Mention a few broad guidelines for devising political reforms in India.
Answer : All suggestions or proposals about overcoming various challenges to democracy are called democratic reforms or political reforms.
Broad guidelines for devising political reforms in India are :
(i) Legal ways of reforming politics.
(ii) The Right to Information Act.
(iii) Reforms through political practice.
(iv) Implementation of reforms.

Question. Explain the challenges faced by countries which do not have a democratic form of government.
Answer : (i) These countries face the foundational challenge of making the transition to democracy and then instituting democratic government.
(ii) They also face the challenge of bringing down the existing non-democratic regime and keeping the military away from controlling the government.
(iii) Such countries have to make great efforts to establish a sovereign and functional state.

Question. Highlight any three challenges that democracy faces in contemporary India.
Answer : The important challenges to contemporary democracy are as follows :
(i) Caste and gender discrimination is still prevalent, this slows down advancement and development.
(ii) Widespread corruption and delay in public justice .
(iii) Poverty, low literacy, overpopulation are some of the other issues.