Please refer to Class 10 Social Science Sample Paper Term 1 With Solutions Set D below. These Class 10 Social Science Sample Papers will help you to get more understanding of the type of questions expected in the upcoming exams. All sample guess papers for Social Science Class 10 have been designed as per the latest examination pattern issued by CBSE. Please practice all Term 1 CBSE Sample Papers for Social Science in Standard 10.
Sample Paper Term 1 Class 10 Social Science With Solutions Set D
SECTION – A
1. How did the Non-Cooperation Movement unfold in the cities and towns of India?
Answer : (i) The movement started with middle-class participation in the cities.
(ii) Thousands of students left government-controlled schools and college.
(iii) Many teachers resigned.
(iv) Lawyers gave up their legal practices.
(v) The council elections were boycotted in most provinces except Madras.
(vi) Foreign goods were boycotted, liquor shops picketed, and foreign cloth burnt in huge bonfires.
2. Why is tourism considered as a trade?
Answer : (i) Foreign tourist’s arrival in the country contribute to foreign exchange.
(ii) Many people are directly engaged in the tourism industry.
(iii) Tourism provides support to local handicrafts.
(iv) Tourists visit India for medical tourism, eco-tourism, adventure tourism, cultural tourism and business tourism.
3. Differentiate between one party and two party system.
Answer : A. One Party System
(i) Countries where only one party is allowed to control and run the government are called one party system.
(ii) Eg. In China only Communist Party is allowed to rule.
B. Two Party System
(i) Countries where only two main parties contest elections are called Two Party System.
(ii) The United States of America and United Kingdom are examples of Two Party System.
4. State the role of Reserve Bank of India.
Answer : (i) In India, the Reserve Bank of India issues currency notes on behalf of the Central Government.
(ii) The RBI supervises the functioning of formal sources of loans.
(iii) The RBI monitors the banks in actually maintaining cash balance.
(iv) The RBI sees that the banks give loans not just to profit-making businesses and traders but also to small cultivators.
5. Read the data in the table given below and answer the questions that follow:
5.1 Compare the 2015-2016 and 2019-2020 data and give any one reason for the reduction of production of steel in 2019-2020.
Answer : (i) High costs of production
(ii) Limited availability of coking coal
(iii) Lower productivity of labour
(iv) Irregular supply of energy
5.2 Why is production and consumption of steel considered as an index of a country’s development?
Answer : (i) The steel products are used as a raw material in different industries.
(ii) It is required for export.
(iii) It provides machinery for ensuring country’s growth.
SECTION – B
6. Why do most of the rural households still remain dependent on the informal sources of credit? Explain.
How do Self Help Groups help borrowers to overcome the problem of lack of collateral? Explain.
Answer : Most of the rural households still remain dependent on the informal sources of credit due to following reasons.
(i) There is limited availability of Banks in rural areas.
(ii) People in the rural areas face problem with regard to documentation because of illiteracy.
(iii) Absence of collateral is one of the major reasons which prevents the poor from getting bank loans.
(iv) Rural people get easy loans from the richer households through informal ways. There is no need for documentation or collateral.
Answer : (i) SHGs don’t ask for documentation or collateral. People can get timely loans for a variety of purposes and at a reasonable interest rate.
(ii) SHGs are regular in their savings which can be used as monetary help.
(iii) Members can take small loans without collateral to meet their needs.
(iv) Due to timely repayment banks also lend loans to SHGs.
7. “Tribal peasants interpreted the message of Mahatma Gandhi and the idea of swaraj in another way and participated in the Non-Cooperation Movement differently.” Justify the statement.
Answer : Tribal peasants interpreted the message of Gandhiji and the idea of Swaraj quite differently.
(i) A militant guerrilla movement spread in the Gudem Hills of Andhra Pradesh.
(ii) They were against colonial policies.
(iii) Their livelihood was affected and their traditional rights were denied.
(iv) Their leader Alluri Sitaram Raju was inspired by the Non Cooperation Movement and per- suaded people to wear khadi and give up drinking.
(v) He wanted liberation by the use of force as against non-violence preached by Mahatma Gandhi.
(vi) The rebels attacked police stations and carried on guerrilla warfare for achieving swaraj.
8. Examine the role of Political Parties in a democratic country.
Answer : (i) Parties contest elections and form and run governments.
(ii) Parties play a decisive role in making policies for the country.
(iii) They recruit leaders and train them.
(iv) Parties that lose the election form the opposition. They examine and criticise the policies of the government.
(v) Parties shape public opinion by highlighting certain issues and bringing them in public do- main.
(vi) Parties provide the common man access to government machinery and welfare schemes.
SECTION – C
9. Democracy’s ability to generate its own support is itself an outcome that cannot be ignored.’ Support the statement with examples.
‘There is an overwhelming support for the idea of democracy in South Asia.’ Support the statement with examples.
Answer : Our interest in and fascination for democracy often pushes us into taking a position that democracy can address all socio-economic and political problems. If some of our expectations are not met, we start blaming the idea of democracy. Or, we start doubting if we are living in a democracy. The first step towards thinking carefully about the outcomes of democracy is to recognise that democracy is just a form of government. It can only create conditions for achieving something. The citizens have to take advantage of those conditions and achieve those goals.
(i) Democracy ensures that decision making will be based on norms and procedure. But because it has followed procedures, its decisions may be both more acceptable to the people and more effective. So, the cost of time that democracy pays is perhaps worth it.
(ii) Every citizen has the right and means to examine the process of decision making.
(iii) Democratic governments are accountable, legitimate and transparent governments. The most basic outcome of democracy is that it produces a government that is accountable to the citizens, and responsive to the needs and expectations of the citizens.
(iv) People have the right to choose their rulers, through periodic elections.
(v) Democracy gives its citizens the right to information about the government and its functioning.
(vi) A democratic government is the people’s own government and it is run by the people.
Answer : Democracy is the most popular form of government in South Asia. Recently a democratic movement led by Seven Parties Alliance (SPA) led to establishment of democracy in Nepal. In Myanmar there is a struggle for establishment of democracy against dictatorship. In all South Asian countries democracy is preferred over dictatorship everywhere except Pakistan. Democracy is now well-established in Bangladesh which was once under dictatorship. Though Sri Lanka follows a majoritarian form of government, democratic norms are followed there. Pakistan has seen several phases of dictatorship, but democracy has been well-established there.
Democracy is popular in South Asia because of following reasons:
(i) Democratic government is peoples’ own government. People elect their representatives regularly to form government.
(ii) Countries from South Asia want democratic rights for people.
(iii) Countries want to elect their representatives by themselves.
(iv) Democracy provides dignity and freedom to its citizens.
(v) Democracy accommodates social diversity because all sections of society have a say in formation of government.
(vi) Democracy is based on the idea of discussion and negotiation.
10. Examine the role of Information Technology in stimulating the process of globalization.
Assess the impact of globalization on India and its people.
Answer : The role of information technology in quickening the pace of globalization has been pivotal and tremendous. In recent times, technology in the areas of telecommunications, computers, Internet has been changing rapidly. Telecommunication facilities (telegraph, telephone including mobile phones, fax) are used to contact one another around the world, to access information instantly, and to communicate from remote areas. This has been facilitated by satellite communication devices. computers have now entered almost every field of activity. With the help of Internet one can obtain and share information on anything one wants to know. Internet also allows us to send instant electronic mail (e-mail) and talk (voice-mail) across the world at negligible costs. Computers have now entered almost every field of activity. Information and communication technology has played a major role in spreading out production of services across countries.
Answer : Globalisation and greater competition among producers-both local and foreign producers-has been of advantage to consumers, particularly the well-off sections in the urban areas. There is greater choice before these consumers, who now enjoy improved quality and lower prices for several products. As a result, these people today, enjoy much higher standards of living than was possible earlier. Among producers and workers, the impact of globalisation has not been uniform.
MNCs have increased their investments in India over the past 20 years, which means investing in India has been beneficial for them. MNCs have been interested in industries such as cell phones, automobiles, electronics, soft drinks, fast food or services such as banking in urban areas. These products have a large number of well-off buyers. In these industries and services, new jobs have been created. Also, local companies supplying raw materials, etc. to to these industries have prospered.
Several of the top Indian companies have been able to benefits from the increased competition. They have invested in newer technology and production methods and raised their production standards. Some have gained from successful collaborations with foreign companies.
Moreover, globalisation has enabled some large Indian companies to emerge as multinationals themselves. Tata Motors, Infosys, (IT), Ranbaxy (medicines), are some Indian companies which are spreading their operations worldwide.
Globalisation has also created new opportunities for companies providing services, particularly those involving IT. The Indian company producing a magazine for the London based company and call centres are some examples.
SECTION – D
11. Read the given text and answer the following questions.
‘It is said of “passive resistance” that it is the weapon of the weak, but the power which is the subject of this article can be used only by the strong. This power is not passive resistance; indeed, it calls for intense activity. The movement in South Africa was not passive but active … ‘Satyagraha is not physical force. A satyagrahi does not inflict pain on the adversary; he does not seek his destruction … In the use of satyagraha, there is no ill-will whatever.
‘Satyagraha is pure soul-force. Truth is the very substance of the soul. That is why this force is called satyagraha. The soul is informed with knowledge. In it burns the flame of love. … Nonviolence is the supreme dharma …‘It is certain that India cannot rival Britain or Europe in force of arms. The British worship the war-god and they can all of them become, as they are becoming, bearers of arms. The hundreds of millions in India can never carry arms. They have made the religion of non-violence their own …’
11.1 Why did Gandhiji consider nonviolence as supreme dharma?
Answer : Gandhiji adopted nonviolence as a philosophy and an ideal way of life. According to him philosophy of nonviolence is not a weapon of the weak; it is a weapon, which can be tried by all.
11.2 How was Gandhian satyagraha taken by the people who believed in his philosophy?
Answer : A satyagrahi does not inflict pain on the adversary; he does not seek his destruction. In the use of satyagraha, there is no ill-will.
11.3 Why was Gandhian satyagraha considered as a novel way to resist injustice?
Answer : (i) One could win the battle through nonviolence.
(ii) This could be done by appealing to the conscience of the oppressor.
(iii) People – including the oppressors – had to be persuaded to see the truth, instead of being forced to accept truth through the use of violence.
12. Read the given text and answer the following questions:
Ever since humans appeared on the earth, they have used different means of communication. But, the pace of change, has been rapid in modern times. Long distance communication is far easier without physical movement of the communicator or receiver. Personal communication and mass communication including television, radio, press, films, etc. are the major means of communication in the country. The Indian postal network is the largest in the world. It handles parcels as well as personal written communications. Cards and envelopes are considered first- class mail and are airlifted between stations covering both land and air. The second-class mail includes book packets, registered newspapers and periodicals. They are carried by surface mail, covering land and water transport. To facilitate quick delivery of mails in large towns and cities, six mail channels have been introduced recently. They are called Rajdhani Channel, Metro Channel, Green Channel, Business Channel, Bulk Mail Channel and Periodical Channel.
12.1 Examine the role of the Indian postal network.
Answer : (i) It has helped the country to engage in communication and social-economic development.
(ii) It provides various facilities like speed post, business post, registered post, ordinary post.
12.2 Differentiate between mass communication and personal communication.
Answer : (i) Mass Communication is the medium which provides entertainment as well as creates awareness among the masses. It includes radio, television, newspapers, magazines, books, films etc. whereas Personal Communication is between person to person.
12.3 Analyse the significance of communication for a nation.
Answer : (i) This is the age of communication using the telephone, television, films, and the Internet.
(ii) Even books, magazines and newspapers are important means of communication.
(iii) Various means of communication have connected the world closer.
(iv) It is the source of entertainment and knowledge.
SECTION – E
13. 13.1 On the given outline Political Map of India, identify the place marked as A with the help of following information and write its correct name on the line marked near it.
(A) The place where Non Cooperation Movement was called off due to violence.
Answer : Chauri Chaura (UP)
13.2 On the same given map of India, locate the following:
(I) Namrup Thermal Plant
Noida Software Technology Park
(II) Raja Sansi (Sri Guru Ram Dass Jee) International Airport
Note: The following question is for Visually Impaired Candidates only in lieu of Q. No.13.1
13.1 Name the State where the session of Indian National Congress was held in 1927.
Answer : Madras
Note: The following questions are for Visually Impaired Candidates only in lieu of Q. No.
13.2. Attempt ANY TWO questions.
13.2 Name the State where Namrup Thermal Plant is located.
Answer : Assam
13.3 Name the State where Noida Software Technology Park is located.
Answer : Uttar Pradesh
13.4 Name the city where Raja Sansi (Sri Guru Ram Dass Jee) International Airport is located.
Answer : Amritsar