Please refer to Class 10 Social Science Sample Paper Term 2 With Solutions Set E below. These Class 10 Social Science Sample Papers will help you to get more understanding of the type of questions expected in the upcoming exams. All sample guess papers for Social Science Class 10 have been designed as per the latest examination pattern issued by CBSE. Please practice all Term 2 CBSE Sample Papers for Social Science in Standard 10.
Sample Paper Term 2 Class 10 Social Science With Solutions Set E
Section – A
1. Describe the incident of Jallianwala Bagh Massacre.
Answer : The Ja llianwalla Bagh massacre took place on 13 April 1919. The then Acting Brigadier-General Reginald Dyer ordered troops o.f the British Indian Army to fire their rifles into a crowd of unarmed indian.civilians who got together i.n. Jallianwala Bagh, Amritsar, Punjab, killing at least 379 people and injuring over 1,200 other people.
2. Why is Cotton Textile Industry the largest Industry in India today? Give any two reasons.
Answer : Cotton Textile Industry is the largest Industry in India today became-
(i) Cotton Textile Industry contributes 14 per cent of the total industrial production.
(ii) This industry has a close links with agriculture and provides a living to farmers, cotton ball pluckers and wo.rkers engaged in ginning, spinning, weaving and dyeing.
(ill) It eams Foreign Exchange of about 24.6 per cent (4 per cent of GDP).
3. Write two reforms to strengthen the political parties.
Answer : The two refom1s to s trengthen the political parties so that they pe.rfom1 their functions well are:
(i) The parties should not promote candidates holding criminal records against them.
(ii) The women candidates should be given 1/3 representations in the party.
4. Why is it necessary to increase of a large number of banks mainly in rural areas? Explain.
Answer : The number of banks should be increased in rural areas in order:
(i) To reduce the dependence on informal sector of credit.
(ii) To provide chea per loans.
(ill) To provide accessibility towards loans for the poor.
5. Read the data in the table given below and answer the questions that follow:
5.1 On the basis of the above graph, which source of credit is the largest and why?
Answer : The largest source of credit among the rural household is money lender. i.e an informal source of credit. Requirement of proper documentation and collateral, lack of bank branches in rural areas and long procedures to get a loan are few of the reasons that the rural house hold continue to depend on informal sources of credit.
5.2 Why do you think there is a need to promote formal sources of credit among the rural households.
Answer : Cheap and affordable credit is a neccesity for the development of the nation. ln order to ensure that the poor can benefit from the cheaper loans, it is important to promote formal sources of credit among the rural household.
Section – B
6. Industrialisation gave birth to Imperialism’. Justify the statement with three arguments.
Answer : (i) Industrialisation chiefly needed two things. One of them being the constant supply of raw materials and the other is that the finished goods be sold at the same speed.
(ii) To meet both the needs, various countries like Britain, France, Germany, etc. set up their colonies in countries where industrialisation had not reached yet like Asia, Africa, South America, etc.
(iii) These colonies served both the purpose, Le., being supplies of raw material and easy markets for finished goods. Hence industrialisation indeed gave birth to Imperialism.
7. What is a Multi-party system? Why has India adopted a Multi-party system? Explain.
Answer : If several parties compete for power and more than two parties have a reasonable chance of coming to power either on their strength or in alliance with others, we call it a multi-party system.
India has adopted a multi-party system because
(i) There is social and geographical diversity in India.
(ii) India is such a large country, which is not easily absorbed by two or three parties.
(iii) The system allows a variety of interests and opinions to enjoy political representation.
8. Why is modern currency accepted as a medium of exchange without any use of its own? Find out the reason.
How is money used in everyday life? Explain with examples.
Answer : Modern currency is accepted as a medium of exchange without any use of its own because:
(i) Modern currency is authorised by the government of a country.
(li) In India, the Reserve Bank of India issues all currency notes on behalf of the central government.
(ii) No other individual or organisation is allowed to besue currency.
(iv) The law legalises the use of rupee as a medium of payment that cannot be refused in settling transactions in India.
Money plays a vital role in our day to day life as:
(i) It is used as a medium of exchange in order to carry out transaction.
(ii) We can buy food, shelter, clothing, items, of luxury and other necessary goods or product with money.
(iii) It provides us with social security and is needed to procure various necessary services like healthcare, education, transport, recreation, etc.
Section – C
9. Explain any five factors that are responsible for concentration of ‘Iron and Steel’ Industries mainly in ‘Chota Nagpur Plateau Region’.
Describe the role of mass communication in India.
Answer : The factors responsible for the concentration of Iron and Steel Industries in and around the Chota Nagpur Plateau Region’ are as follows:
(i) Low cost of iron ore Iron Mines are located in the nearby areas.
(ii) High grade raw materials in proximity and other bulky raw materiak like, coking coal, limestone are also available in proximity.
(iii) From the adjoining areas of Bihar, Jharkhand and Odisha, cheap labour is available in abundance.
(iv) This region is well connected with roadways and railways that help in the swift movement of raw materials and finished goods to the industry and market areas, respectively.
(v) Kolkata is a well developed port that is near to this area.
The role of mass communication in India are as follows:
(i) Mass communication provides entertainment.
(ii) Creates awareness among people about various national programmes and policies. It includes radio, television, newspapers, magazines, books and films.
(iii) All India Radio (Akashwani) bmadcasts a variety of Programmes in national, regional and local languages.
(iv) Doordarshan broadcasts programmes of entertainment, education, sports, etc., for people of different age groups
(v) India publishes a large number of newspapers and periodicals annually.
(vi) Newspapers are published in about 100 languages and dialects to create awareness among people in different parts of the country.
10. Describe the importance of Democratic government as an accountable and legitimate government.
State the various functions a political party perform in a democracy.
Answer : The importance of democratic government as an accountable and legitimate government can be understood from the following points:
(i) Democracy produces an accountable government.
(a) Accountable government is the one, whose every action is justified. We often find in democratic government that the rulers are elected by the people. A government comes in power due to the majority of the public have voted for it.
(b) The government is apprehensive that the same public may not vote it to power next time if it does not fulfil their expectations. These elected representatives constitute the government and participate in the decision-making process on behalf of the people. Also the people (citizens) have the right and means for examining the process. This is known as transparency and is very essential for proper governance in the country.
(ii) Democracy produces responsible government.
(a) A democracy carries with it certain important liberal ideals of governance. They include, regular free and fair elections, public debate on major policies and legislations, the openness of information regarding major government policies and legislation and corruption free government. All these factors contribute towards making democratic government a responsive form of government.
(b) For example, after a prolonged period of mass protest and negotiation, the UPA government had to finally agree to people’s demands and introduce the Lokpal Bill in the Parliament.
(iii) Democracy produces a legitimate government
(a) Legitimate government is a government under which law and action of the government are revealed to the people and government functions in a transparent manner.
The various functions that the political parties perform in a democracy are as follows:
(i) Contest election: Candidates are put forward by all political parties to contest in elections. These candidates may be chosen by the top leaden or by the members of the party.
(ii) Put forward policies and programmes: Political parties put forward their policies and programmes for the welfare of the people and voters choose those parties whose policy they like the most.
(iii) Making Laws: Political parties play a major role in making laws for the country No law can become a bill unless a majority of the parties support it.
(iv) Form the government: Political parties form and run governments. Parties recruit leaders, train them and then make them ministers to run the government in the way they want.
(v) Play the role of opposition: Parties that lose election play the role of opposition to the party in power, by voicing different views and criticizing the government for its failures or wrong policies Opposition parties also mobilize opposition to the government.
(vi) Vaice public opinion: Political parties voice the public opinion and raise issues to social concern. Parties sometimes also launch Political movements for the resolution of problems faced by people. Often opinions in the society crystallize on the lines parties take.
(vi) Social welfare schemes: Political parties form an important link between the government and the people. It is easy for the public to approach their local leader than a government official. The local leader has to listen to the public demand, otherwise, he will lose the next election.
Section – D
11. Read the given text and answer the following questions:
In India, as in Vietnam and many other colonies, the growth of modern nationalism is intimately connected to the anti-colonial movement. People began discovering their unity in the process of their struggle with colonialism. The sense of being oppressed under colonialism provided a shared bond that tied many different groups together. But each class and group felt the effects of colonialism differently, their experiences were varied, and their notions of freedom were not always the same. The Congress under Mahatma Gandhi tried to forge these groups together within one movement. But the unity did not emerge without conflict. First of all, the war created a new economic and political situation. It led to a huge increase in defence expenditure which was financed by war loans and increasing taxes: customs duties were raised and income tax introduced. Through the war years prices increased – doubling between 1913 and 1918 – leading to extreme hardship for the common people. Villages were called upon to supply soldiers, and the forced recruitment in rural areas caused widespread anger. Then in 1918-19 and 1920-21, crops failed in many parts of India, resulting in acute shortages of food. This was accompanied by an influenza epidemic. According to the census of 1921, 12 to 13 million people perished as a result of famines and the epidemic.
11.1 With which movement the growth of Indian nationalism was connected with ? How?
Answer : In India, as in many other colonies, the growth of modern nationalism was intimately connected to theAnti Colonial Movement. People began discovering their unity in the process of their struggle with colonialism. The shared feeling of being oppressed under colonialism provided a bond that tied many different groups together.
11.2 Under whose leadership did the Congress try to unite people from different backgrounds?
Answer : Under the leadership of Mahatma Gandhi, the Congress tried to unite people from different backgrounds.
11.3. “the war created a new economic and political situation”. Which war is mentioned here?
Answer : The First World War created a new economic and political situation in India.
12. Read the given text and answer the following questions:
The textile industry occupies unique position in the Indian economy, because it contributes significantly to industrial production (14 per cent), employment generation (35 million persons directly – the second largest after agriculture) and foreign exchange earnings (about 24.6 per cent). It contributes 4 per cent towards GDP. It is the only industry in the country, which is self-reliant and complete in the value chain i.e., from raw material to the highest value added products. In ancient India, cotton textiles were produced with hand spinning and handloom weaving techniques. After the 18th century, power-looms came into use. Our traditional industries suffered a setback during the colonial period because they could not compete with the mill-made cloth from England. In the early years, the cotton textile industry was concentrated in the cotton growing belt of Maharashtra and Gujarat. Availability of raw cotton, market, transport including accessible port facilities, labor, moist climate, etc., contributed towards its localization.
12.1 Why textile industry occupies unique position in the Indian economy?
Answer : The textile industry occupies a unique position in the Indian economy, because:
(i) it contributes significantly to industrial production (14 percent).
(ii) The textile industry has been impmtant since the ancient times inIndia and the raw ma terialrequired for the industry is easy to grow.
12.2 What is the employment generation of cotton textile industry?
Answer : 35 millions persons are directly employed in the cotton textile industry.
12.3 How the cotton textiles were produced in Ancient India?
Answer : The cotton textiles in ancienth1dia were produced by l1and spuming and handloom weaving teclmiques.
Section – E
13. 13.1 On the given outline Political Map of India, identify the place marked as A with the help of following information and write its correct name on the line marked near it.
(A) The place where Gandhi started his first satyagarh.
13.2 On the same given map of India, locate the following:
(I) Paradip port
Durgapur steel plant
(II) (Thiruvananthapuram), Technopark- software technology park.