Please refer to Doing Sociology Class 11 Sociology Notes and important questions below. The Class 11 Sociology Chapter wise notes have been prepared based on the latest syllabus issued for the current academic year by CBSE. Students should revise these notes and go through important Class 11 Sociology examination questions given below to obtain better marks in exams
Doing Sociology Class 11 Sociology Notes and Questions
The below Class 11 Doing Sociology notes have been designed by expert Sociology teachers. These will help you a lot to understand all the important topics given in your NCERT Class 11 Sociology textbook. Refer to Doing Sociology Notes below which have been designed as per the latest syllabus issued by CBSE and will be very useful for upcoming examinations to help clear your concepts and get better marks in examinations.
The word ‘methodology’ actually refers to the study of method.
The word ‘objective’ means unbiased, neutral, or based on facts alone. The word ‘subjective’ means something that is based on individual values and preferences. All science is expected to be ‘objective’, to produce unbiased knowledge based on facts. But this is much harder to do in the social sciences than in the natural sciences.
Problems with objectivity in sociology are:
1) Social scientists study the world in which they themselves live.
2) There are many versions of the ‘truth’ in the social world.
3) The presence of multiple points of view in the social sciences themselves
The quantitative methods deal in countable or measurable variables, proportions, averages, etc
Qualitative methods deal with more abstract and hard to measure phenomena like attitudes, emotions and so on Secondary method rely on ‘secondary’ or already existing data in the form of documents or other records and artefacts.
Primary methods produce fresh or ‘primary’ data.
The micro methods are designed to work in small intimate settings usually with a single researcher; thus the interview and participant observation are thought of as micro methods.
Macro methods are those that are able to tackle large scale research involving large numbers of respondents and investigators. Survey research is the most common example of a ‘macro’ method.
The recent trend in social science is to advocate the use of multiple methods to bear on the same research problem from different vantage points.
Popular in sociology and specially social anthropology, participant observation refers to a particular method by which the sociologist learns about the society, culture and people Field work involves a long period of interaction with the subjects of research. Field work learn about the ‘whole way of life’ of a community.
Bronislaw Malinowski, a Polish anthropologist established field work as the distinctive method of social anthropology.
Steps of field work in Social Anthropology
1) Making a detailed list of all the people who lived in a community, including information such as their sex, age group and family.
2) Map the physical layout of the village or settlement
3) Construct a genealogy (family tree) of the community
4) Making detailed notes on the significant aspects of community life like festivals, religious events, etc.
5) Anthropologist keeps detailed field notes during field work
Field Work in Sociology
Sociological field work did not necessarily involve living in.
The researcher already knows the society.
He is dealing with a literate people
Important field work studies
The survey is probably the best known sociological method and it is an attempt to provide an overview.
The survey questions may be asked and answered in various forms.
i) Personal visits by the investigator
ii) Through telephone conversations.
Iii) Sent through the post.
iv) Conducted electronically-email, the Internet, or similar electronic medium.
Advantage of Survey
It allows us to generalise results for a large population by studying a small portion of this population.
Survey makes it possible to study large populations with a manageable investment of time, effort and money.
An interview is basically a guided conversation between the researcher and the respondent. The interview is dependent on personalised access and the degree of rapport or mutual trust between the respondent and the researcher.
There are two types of interview:
(i) Structured interview
(ii) No structured interview