Internet and Web Class 12 Informatics Practices Exam Questions

Exam Questions Class 12

Please refer to Nationalism in India Class 12 Internet and Web Exam Questions provided below. These questions and answers for Class 12 Social Science have been designed based on the past trend of questions and important topics in your class 12 Social Science books. You should go through all Class 12 Internet and Web Important Questions provided by our teachers which will help you to get more marks in upcoming exams.

Class 12 Internet and Web Exam Questions Nationalism in India

Class 12 Internet and Web students should read and understand the important questions and answers provided below for Nationalism in India which will help them to understand all important and difficult topics.

Short Answer Type Questions :

Question. Ruhani wants to edit some privacy settings of her browser. How can she accomplish her task?
Ans. She can accomplish her task by performing following steps
Step 1 Open your web browser.
Step 2 Open browser settings.
Step 3 Look for Privacy and Security settings. If not directly found, click on Advanced settings.
Step 4 After reaching Privacy and Security settings she can edit their setting.

Question. Differentiate between
(i) website and web page
(ii) static and dynamic web pages
Ans. (i) Difference between static and dynamic web pages are as follows

Internet and Web Class 12 Informatics Practices Exam Questions
Internet and Web Class 12 Informatics Practices Exam Questions

(ii) Difference between website and web page are as follows

Internet and Web Class 12 Informatics Practices Exam Questions

Question. Define the following terms.
(b) ISP
(c) URL
Ans. (a) ARPANET stands for Advanced Research Projects Agency NETwork.
(b) ISP stands for Internet Service Provider
(c) URL stands for Uniform Resource Locator

Question. What do you understand by the term chatting?
Ans. Chatting is the online textual or multimedia conversation. It is widely interactive text based communication process that takes place over the Internet. Chat with people using the Internet is somewhat similar to using the telephone for the same purpose. Chatting, i.e. a virtual means of communication that involves the sending and receiving of messages, share audio and video between users located in any part of the world.
In chatting, you type a message in your chatbox, which is immediately received by the recipient, then the recipient type a message in response to your message which is instantly received by you.

Question. Mr. Lal owns a factory which manufactures automobile spare parts.
Suggest him the advantages of having a web page for his factory.
Ans. The web page provides the information to the clients about his factory of spare parts. Moreover, he can receive the order on the Internet from the clients using the web page.

Question. Define home page. Give two advantages of home page.
Ans. A home page is the first page of a website. Two advantages of home page are as follows:
(i) It helps viewers to find out what they can find on that site.
(ii) Publicity of an individual or a community.

Question. How is an E-mail different from a chat?
Ans. In order to chat, you need have an account on the same service as the person you are chatting with. On the other hand, in case of E-mail, it is not necessary, i.e. you can have an account from any provider and you can establish your own.

Question. Distinguish between server and web server.
Ans. Differences between server and web server are as follows

Internet and Web Class 12 Informatics Practices Exam Questions

Question. Define the structure of URL with example.

Internet and Web Class 12 Informatics Practices Exam Questions

Question. Explain any two attributes of WWW.
Ans. Two attributes of WWW are as follows:
(i) User-friendly The WWW resource works smoothly with most web browsers, such as Internet Explorer, Firefox etc.
(ii) Multimedia documents WWW allows users to create and display web pages that contains various graphics, audios, videos, animation and text.

Question. Sahil, a Class X student, has just started understanding the basics of Internet and web technologies. He is a bit confused in between the terms “World Wide Web” and “Internet”. Help him in understanding both the terms with the help of suitable examples of each.
Ans. World Wide Web is a set of programs, standards and protocols that allows the multimedia and hypertext files to be created, displayed and linked on the Internet.
e.g.,, etc.
Internet is a computer-based world wide communications network, which is composed of large number of smaller
interconnected networks.
e.g. Web, E-mails, Social media, etc.
While Internet is a collection of computers or networking devices connected together; WWW is a collection of documents, linked via special links called hyperlinks. WWW forms a large part of Internet but is not the Internet.

Question. Discuss the functioning of a web server with its explanation.
Ans. A web server is a program that runs on a computer connected to the Internet. It is simply a computer with an Internet connection that runs software designed to send out HTML, DHTML, XML or Java based pages and other file formats such as multimedia files.
A web server provides four major functions:
(i) Surfing web pages.
(ii) Running gateway programs and returning output.
(iii) Controlling access to the server.
(iv) Monitoring and logging server access statistics.

Question. Give any three applications on the Internet.
Ans. Some uses of Internet are as follows:
(i) Electronic Mail (E-mail) The first major use of the Internet is E-mail. People used to E-mail for sharing information, data files, photos, videos, business communications and any other files instantaneously with others.
This had enabled faster communication between people and improve business efficiency.
(ii) E-commerce The Internet enables the selling of goods and services in online mode. There are many E-commerce platform vendors like Amazon, Ola who aggregate several products/services available in the market and sell them through their portal to customers. 
(iii) Education The Internet offers a wealth of educational material on any subject with structured navigation and search facilities.
One can seek any reading material and the Internet will get it for them from any server in any part of the world.

Question. Which page does not change until the developer modifies them?
Ans. Static pages do not change until the developer modifies them. To update a static web page, the file name must be changed manually.

Question. How many types of software are used to work in communication environment?
Ans. A client/server software design requires two types of software to work in communication environment:
(i) Client Software It is a type of software, which is used by a client (or user) to request some information from web server.
(ii) Server Software It is a type of software, which is used by the server to answer the requests and provide the required information.

Long Answer Type Questions :

Question. Differentiate between absolute URL and relative URL.
Ans. (i) Absolute URL It is the type of URL, which uses the complete web path of a file to provide the location of the resource, i.e. they provide the actual domain name.
e.g. “”
(ii) Relative URL It is the type of URL that defines the path of an URL on a domain, without including the domain name. Relative URLs are more convenient because they are short in length, more portable in website maintenance.
e.g. We specified only “…/images/house.png”

Question. Define WWW.
Ans. World Wide Web (WWW) or Web, the leading information retrieval service of the Internet (the worldwide computer network). The Web gives users access to a vast array of documents that are connected to each other by means of hypertext or hypermedia links (i.e. hyperlinks), electronic connections that link related pieces of information in order to allow a user easy access to them.
It supports various types of application such as Multimedia Information It includes different types of movies, music, pictures, graphics, sounds, text, etc.
HyperText Information It includes the links of different types of information resources.
Graphical User Interface (GUI) A user can point/click on the graphical icon to request any information instead of typing in text commands.
World Wide Web is based on client/server software design. A client/server software design requires two types of software to work in a communication environment.
(i) Client Software It is a type of software, which is used by a client (or a user) to request some information from web server, e.g. Web browsers.
(ii) Server Software It is a type of software, which is used by the server to answer the request and provide the required information, e.g. Microsoft, Oracle, etc. It is possible to use your local computer as a server but usually, you want to have a fixed server, which runs 24 × 7 hours. So, more advanced and large systems are used as a
server instead of local computers.

Question. What is website? Also, write its components.
Ans. A website is a collection of digital documents, primarily HTML files, that are linked together and that exist on the web under the same domain.
A website displays related information on a specific topic. Each website is accessed by its own address known as URL (Uniform Resource Locator).
Components of a website
(i) Web host Group of linked web pages qualify to be called a website only when hosted on a web server.
(ii) Address This is the address of the website (also called URL of the website).
(iii) Home page Every website has a home page. It is the first web page that appears when viewers go to a website.
(iv) Design It is the overall look and feel the website has a result of proper use and integration elements like nevigation menus, layout etc.
(v) Content All the web pages contained in the website together make up the content of the website.
(vi) Navigation Structure The navigation structure of a website is order of the pages, the collection of what links to what. Usually it is held together by atleast one navigation menu.

Question. What is the utility of a web server? Write about the services provided by web server.
Ans. A web server is a program that runs on a computer connected to the Internet.
It is simply a computer with an Internet connection that runs software designed to send out HTML, DHTML, XML or Java based pages and other file formats such as multimedia files. Web server can refer to either the hardware or software or combination of both which helps to deliver web content that can be accessed through the Internet.
The primary function of a web server is to deliver web pages on the request of client using the HTTP. This means delivery of HTML documents and any additional content that may be included in a document such as images, style sheets and scripts.
A web server provides four major functions:
(i) Serving web pages.
(ii) Running gateway programs and returning output.
(iii) Controlling access to the server.
(iv) Monitoring and logging server access statistics.

Question. Define Voice over Internet Protocol (VoIP). Also, explain its advantages.
Ans. VoIP is an IP telephony term for a set of facilities used to manage the delivery of voice information over Internet. It enables a user to make cheap telephone calls over a broadband Internet connection, instead of using a regular telephone service.
A major advantage of VoIP is that avoids the tolls charged by ordinary telephone service. A user can make a call locally or in other parts of US or Canada, or anywhere else in the world, eliminating long distance fees by using a VoIP service.
The concept of VoIP is used in wireless LAN networks and sometimes referred to as WVoIP, VoFI, VoWi-Fi and Wi-Fi VoIP.
Advantages of VoIP
(i) The biggest single advantage of VoIP has over standard telephone systems is low cost.
(ii) Using services such as true VoIP, subscribers can call one another at no cost to other party.
(iii) Routing phone calls over existing data networks eliminate the need for separate voice and data networks.
(iv) The ability to transmit more than one telephone call over a single broadband connection.
(v) VoIP consists advance telephone features, e.g. call routing, screen POP and IVR.