# MCQ Questions Operations Research or Qualitative Approach

Please refer to MCQ Questions for Operations Research or Qualitative Approach provided below. These objective questions will be really useful if you are planning to appear in competitive examinations. We have provided MCQ questions for Management subject which is very important for IAS, UPSC, or civil services examinations.

## Operations Research or Qualitative Approach MCQ Questions with Answers

Question. During an iteration while moving from one solution to the next, degeneracy may occur when.
A. The closed path indicates a diagonal move
B. Two or more occupied cells are on the closed path but neither of them represents a corner of the path.
C. Two or more occupied cells on the closed path with minus sign are tied for lowest circled value
D. Either of the above

C

Question. If a non-redundant constraint is removed from an LP problem then.
A. Feasible region will become larger
B. Feasible region will become smaller
C. Solution will become infeasible
D. None of the above

A

Question. Linear Programming technique is used to allocate scarce resources in an optimum manner in problems of ?
A. Schedule
B. Product Mix
C. Both A and B
D. Servicing Cost

C

Question. While solving an assignment problem, an activity is assigned to a resource through a square with zero opportunity cost because the objective is to?
A. Minimize total cost of assignment
B. Reduce the cost of assignment to zero
C. Reduce the cost of that particular assignment to zero
D. All of the above

A

Question. Before formulating a formal LP model, it is better to.
A. Express each constrain in words
B. Express the objective function in words
C. Verbally identify decision variables
D. All of the above

D

Question. Simulation should not be applied in allcases because it.
A. Requires considerable talent for model building & extensive computer programming efforts
B. Consumes much computer time
C. Provides at best approximate solution to problem
D. All of the above

D

Question. are expressed is n the form of inequities or equations.
A. Constraints
B. Objective Functions
C. Both A and B
D. None of the above

A

Question. The solution to a transportation problem with ‘m’ rows (supplies) & ‘n’ columns (destination) is feasible if number of positive allocations are.
A. m+n
B. m*n
C. m+n-1
D. m+n+1

C

Question. Every LPP is associated with another LPP is called
A. Primal
B. Dual
C. Non linear programming
D. None of the above

B

Question. Biased random sampling is made from among alternatives which have.
A. Equal probability
B. Unequal probability
C. Probability which do not sum to 1
D. None of the above

B

Question. Which of the following is a limitation associated with an LP model?
A. The relationship among decision variables in linear
B. No guarantee to get integer valued solutions
C. No consideration of effect of time & uncertainty on LP model
D. All of the above

D

Question. Which of the following methods is used to verify the optimality of the current solution of the transportation problem?
A. Least cost method
B. Vogel’s approximation method
C. Modified distribution method
D. All of the above

A

Question. What is concerned with the prediction of replacement costs and determination of the most economic replacement policy?
A. Search Theory
B. Theory of replacement
C. Probabilistic Programming
D. None of the above

B

Question. As for maximization in assignment problem, the objective is to maximize the
A. Profit
B. optimization
C. cost
D. None of the above

A

Question. is one of the fundamental combinatorial optimization problems.
A. Assignment problem
B. Transportation problem
C. Optimization Problem
D. None of the above

A

Question. Which of the following is not a characteristic of the LP model?
A. Alternative courses of action
B. An objective function of maximization type
C. Limited amount of resources
D. Non-negativity condition on the value of decision variables.

B

Question. Operations Research techniques helps the directing authority in optimum allocation of various limited resources, such as
A. Men and Machine
B. Money
C. Material and Time
D. All of the above

D

Question. The purpose of using simulation technique is to.
A. Imitate a real-world situation
B. Understand properties & operating characteristics of complex real-life problems
C. Reduce the cost of experiment on a model of real situation
D. All of the above

D

Question. The large negative opportunity cost value in an unused cell in a transportation table is chosen to improve the current solution because.
A. It represents per unit cost reduction
B. It represents per unit cost improvement
C. It ensure no rim requirement violation
D. None of the above

A

Question. The graphical method of LP problem uses.
A. Objective function equation
B. Constraint equations
C. Linear equations
D. All of the above

D

Question. Who defined Operations Research as an aid for the executive in marketing his decisions by providing him with the quantitative information based on the scientific method of analysis?
A. C. Kitte
B. H.M. Wagner
C. E.L. Arnoff
D. None of the above

A

Question. Operations Research uses models to help the management to determine its scientifically.
A. Policies
B. Actions
C. Both A and B
D. None of the above

C

Question. Which of the following is not the special purpose simulation language?
A. BASIC
B. GPSS
C. GASP
D. SIMSCRIPT

A

Question. The word may be defined as some action that we apply to some problems or hypothesis.
A. Research
B. Operation
C. Both A and B
D. None of the above

B

Question. In models there is risk and uncertainty.
A. Deterministic Models
B. Probabilistic Models
C. Both A and B
D. None of the above

B

Question. An advantage of simulation as opposed to optimization is that.
A. Several options of measure of performance can be examined
B. Complex real-life problems can be studied
C. It is applicable in cases where there is an element of randomness in a system
D. All of the above

D

Question. A BFS of a LPP is said to be if at least one of the basic variable is zero.
A. Degenerate
B. Non degenerate
C. Infeasible
D. Unbounded

A

Question. Operations Research study generally involves how many phases?
A. Three
B. Four
C. Five
D. Two

A

Question. Non-negativity condition in an LP model implies.
A. A positive coefficient of variables in objective function
B. A positive coefficient of variables in any constraint
C. Non-negative value of resources
D. None of the above

D

Question. While solving a LP problem, infeasibility may be removed by?
C. Removing a constraint
D. Removing a variable

C

Question. The general purpose system simulation language.
A. Requires programme writing
B. Does not require programme writing
C. Requires predefined coding forms
D. Needs a set of equations to describe a system

B

Question. Operations Research was known as an ability to win a war without really going in to a
A. Battle field
B. Fighting
C. War
D. Both A and B

D

Question. When total supply is equal to total demand in a transportation problem, the problem is said to be?
A. Balanced
B. Unbalanced
C. Degenerate
D. None of the above

C

Question. To proceed with the MODI algorithm for solving an assignment problem, the number of dummy allocations need to be added are.
A. n
B. 2n
C. n-1
D. 2n-1

C

Question. Operations Research involves attack of complex problems to arrive at the optimum solution.
A. Scientific
B. Systematic
C. Both A and B
D. Statistical

C

Question. Managerial decisions are based on.
A. An evaluation of quantitative data
B. The use of qualitative factors
C. Results generated by formal models
D. All of the above

D

Question. The purpose of a dummy row or column in an assignment problem is to
A. Obtain balance between total activities & total resources
B. Prevent a solution from becoming degenerate
C. Provide a means of representing a dummy problem
D. None of the above

A

Question. Which of the following is an assumption of an LP model?
A. Divisibility
B. Proportionality
D. All of the above

D

Question. For analyzing the problem , decision – makers should normally study.
A. Its qualitative aspects
B. Its quantitative aspects
C. Both A and B
D. Neither A and B

A

Question. Who defined Operations Research as scientific approach to problem solving for executive management?
A. E.L. Arnoff
B. P.M.S. Blackett
C. H.M. Wagner
D. None of the above

C

Question. Decision variables are.
A. Controllable
B. Uncontrollable
C. Parameters
D. None of the above

D

Question. Probabilistic models are also known as.
A. Deterministic Models
B. Stochastic Models
C. Dynamic Models
D. Static Models

B

Question. State transition probabilities in the Markov chain should.
A. Sum to 1
B. Be less than 1
C. Be greater than 1
D. None of the above

A

Question. models assumes that the values of the variables do not change with time during a particular period.
A. Static Models
B. Dynamic Models
C. Both A and B
D. None of the above

A

Question. In a manufacturing process, who takes the decisions as to what quantities and which process or processes are to be used so that the cost is minimum and profit is maximum?
A. Supervisor
B. Manufacturer
C. Producer
D. Production manager

D

Question. Operations Research uses models built by quantitative measurement of the variables ca given problem and also derives a solution from the model using of the diversified solution techniques.
A. Two or more
B. One or more
C. Three or more
D. Only One

B

Question. The objective functions and constraints are linear relationship between
A. Variables
B. Constraints
C. Functions
D. All of the above

A

Question. Every basic feasible solution of a general assignment problem, having a square pay-off matrix of order, n should have assignments equal to.
A. 2n+1
B. 2n-1
C. m+n-1
D. m+n

B

Question. The issue of decision models.
A. Is possible when the variable’s value is
B. Reduces the scope of judgment and intuition known with certainty in decision making
C. Requires the knowledge of computer software use
D. None of the above

D

Question. If in a LPP , the solution of a variable can be made infinity large without violating the constraints, the solution is
A. Infeasible
B. Unbounded
C. Alternative
D. None of the above

B

Question. Probabilities of occurrence of any state are.
A. Collectively exhaustive
B. Mutually exclusive
C. Representing one of the finite numbers of states of nature in the system
D. All of the above

D

Question. Operations Research has the characteristics the it is done by a team of
A. Scientists
B. Mathematicians
D. All of the above

A

Question. A calling population is considered to be infinite when.
A. All customers arrive at once
B. Arrivals are independent of each other
C. Arrivals are dependent upon each other
D. All of the above

B

Question. What aims at optimizing inventory levels?
A. Inventory Control
B. Inventory Capacity
C. Inventory Planning
D. None of the above

C

Question. If one of the constraint of an equation in an LP problem has an unbounded solution, then.
A. Solution to such LP problem must be degenerate
B. Feasible region should have a line segment
C. Alternative solutions exist
D. None of the above

B

Question. An alternative optimal solution to a minimization transportation problem exists whenever opportunity cost corresponding to unused route of transportation is:
A. Positive & greater than zero
B. Positive with at least one equal to zero
C. Negative with at least one equal to zero
D. None of the above

B

Question. There is a great scope for working as a team to solve problems of defence by using the Operations Research approach.
A. Economists
C. Statisticians and Technicians
D. All of the above

D

Question. The use of decision models.
A. Is possible when the variables value is known
B. Reduces the scope of judgement & intuition known with certainty in decisionmaking
C. Require the use of computer software
D. None of the above