Please refer to the MCQ Questions for Class 10 Social Science Chapter 1 The Rise of Nationalism in Europe with Answers. The following The Rise of Nationalism in Europe Class 10 Social Science MCQ Questions have been designed based on the current academic year syllabus and examination guidelines for Class 10. Our faculty has designed MCQ Questions for Class 10 Social Science with Answers for all chapters as per your NCERT Class 10 Social Science book.
The Rise of Nationalism in Europe Class 10 MCQ Questions with Answers
Please see below The Rise of Nationalism in Europe Class 10 Social Science MCQ Questions, solve the questions and compare your answers with the solutions provided below.
Question. Who played the leading role in the unification of Germany?
(a) German Emperor (formerly King of Prussia) — Kaiser William I.
(b) Otto Von Bismarck (Prussian Chief Minister).
(c) Johann Gottfried Herder — German philosopher.
(d) Austrian Chancellor — Duke Metternich.
Question. Which of the following countries did not attend the Congress of Vienna?
Question. The French revolutionaries declared that the mission and destiny of the French nation was
(a) to conquer the people of Europe.
(b) to liberate the people of Europe from despotism.
(c) to strengthen absolute monarchies in all the countries of Europe.
(d) to propagate the ideals of liberty, equality, and fraternity in every part of the world.
Question. Which of the following is not a feature or belief of ‘Conservatism’?
(a) Conservatives believe in established, traditional institutions of state and policy.
(b) Conservatives stressed the importance of tradition and preferred gradual development to quick change.
(c) Conservatives proposed to return to the society of pre-revolutionary days and were against the ideas of modernisation to strengthen monarchy.
(d) Conservatives believed in the monarchy, church, and other social hierarchies.
Question. The Civil Code of 1804 in France is usually known as:
(a) The French Revolutionary Code
(b) Napoleonic Code
(c) European Imperial Code
(d) The French Civil Code
Question. Three wars over seven years with Austria, Denmark, Germany and France, ended in
(a) Danish victory
(b) Prussian victory
(c) French victory
(d) German victory
Question. Who among the following formed the secret society called ‘Young Italy’?
(a) Otto von Bismarck
(b) Giuseppe Mazzini
(d) Johann Gottfried Herder
Question. What helped in the formation of a nation-state in Britain?
(a) The formation of a nation-state in Britain was the result of a sudden upheaval.
(b) In 1688, the monarchy in Britain had seized the power from English Parliament.
(c) The parliament through a bloodless revolution seized power from the monarchy which gradually led to the emergence of a nation-state.
(d) The British nation was formed as a result of a war with Scotland and Wales.
Question. ‘Nationalism’, which emerged as a force in the late 19th century, means
(a) strong devotion for one’s own country and its history and culture.
(b) strong devotion for one’s own country without appreciation for other nations.
(c) strong love for one’s own country and hatred for others.
(d) equally strong devotion for all the countries of the world.
Question. Read the following statements correctly and choose the correct statement.
I. The Treaty of Constantinople of 1832, recognised Greece as an Independent nation.
II. Italy was divided into 8 states in the middle of the 19th century.
III. The symbol of the new Britain were the British Flag ‘Union Jack’, the National Anthem ‘God Saves our Noble King’ and the English language.
IV. Kaiser William I was declared the king of United Italy in 1808.
(a) II and III
(b) I and III
(c) III and IV
(d) I and II
Question. Match the following items given in Column A with those in Column B.
Choose the correct answer from the option given below
(a) A → 1, B → 2, C → 4, D → 3
(b) A → 4, B → 3, C → 2, D → 1
(c) A → 3, B → 1, C → 2, D → 4
(d) A → 2, B → 4, C → 3, D → 1
Question. Identify the Emperor with the help of clues given below.
• Introduce the Civil Code of 1804
• Destroy democracy in France
• Removes all privileges based on birth, established equality before the law and secured the right to property.
• Abolished the Feudal system and freed peasants from serfdom and manorial dues.
(a) Carl Welcker
(b) Louise Otto-Peters
(d) Kaiser William II
Question. Who was declared as the King of United Italy in 1861?
(a) Kaiser William I
(b) Victor Emmanuel II
(d) Wolfe Tone
Question. Identify the country with the help of the given clues whose incorporation was based on following points.
• Country divided into Catholics and Protestants.
• A new nation was established through the propagation of a dominant English culture.
• The symbol were the ‘Union Jack’, the National Anthem (God save our Noble King) and the English language.
• Older nation survived as subordinate partners in this Union.
(a) Incorporation of Ireland.
(b) Incorporation of Scotland in United Kingdom.
(c) Incorporation of Germany.
(d) Incorporation of Italy.
Question. Match the term with the statements given below:
A ‘Utopian Society’ is
(i) a society under a benevolent monarchy ii) a society that is unlikely to ever exist
(iii) a society under the control of a chosen few wise men
(iv) a society under Parliamentary Democracy
(a) (i) and (ii)
(b) (ii) and (iii)
(c) (ii) only
(d) (iii) only
Question. The term ‘Universal Suffrage’ means:
(a) the right to vote and get elected, granted only to men.
(b) the right to vote for all adults.
(c) the right to vote and get elected, granted exclusively to property owning men.
(d) the right to vote and get elected, granted only to educated men and women.
Question. Who said ‘When France sneezes, the rest of Europe catches cold’?
(d) Duke Metternich
Question. Who was responsible for the unification of Germany?
(a) Count Cavour
(d) Giuseppe Mazzini
Question. Read the given statement based on Napoleonic Code. Which of the following is incorrect?
(a) It is also known as Criminal Code.
(b) It established equality before the law.
(c) It secured the right to property.
(d) It did away with all privileges based on birth.
Question. Who said, “When France sneezes, the rest of Europe catches cold”?
(c) Lord Byron
(d) T S Eliot
Question. _______ between England and Scotland resulted in the formation of the ‘United Kingdom of Great Britain’
(a) The Napoleonic Code
(b) The Treaty of Vienna
(c) The Act of Union
(d) The civil code
Question. Identify this famous personality from the information given below.
i. He became a member of the secret society of the Carbonari.
ii. As a young man of 24, he was sent into exile in 1831 for attempting a revolution in Liguria.
(a) Friedrich Wilhelm IV
(b) Karol Kurpinski
(c) Louis Philippe
(d) Giuseppe Mazzini
Question. Who criticised the glorification of reason and science and focused instead on emotions, intuition and mystical feelings?
(a) Romantic artists and poets
(b) The Liberals
(c) The political Radicals
(d) The Large Landowners
Question. The term ‘liberalism’ derives from the __ root liber, meaning free.
Question. Artists of the time of the French Revolution personified ___ as a female figure.
Question. In which treaty Greece was recognised as an independent nation?
(a) Treaty of Geneva
(b) Treaty of Vienna
(c) Versailles treaty
(d) Treaty of Constantinople
Question. What territories did the Habsburg Empire rule over?
(c) Both Austria and Hungary
Question. What was the objective of drawing up Treaty of Vienna?
(a) For bringing out peace among the countries
(b) For Sustainable development
(c) To form Constituent assembly
(d) Undoing the effects of Napoleonic wars.
Question. After a failed revolt led by ___ and his United Irishmen , Ireland was forcibly incorporated into the United Kingdom in 1801.
(a) Giuseppe Mazzini
(b) Wolfe Tone
(d) Lord Byron
Question. What major issue was criticised by the liberal nationalists?
(a) Efficient bureaucracy
(b) Censorship laws to control the press
(c) A modern arm
(d) Preservation of the Church
Question. Which of the quote is said by Metternich?
(a) Little by little, the old world crumbled, and not once did the king imagine that some of the pieces might fall on him.
(b) ‘When France sneezes,’ Metternich once remarked, ‘the rest of Europe catches cold.’
(c) Liberty, equality, fraternity, or death; – the last, much the easiest to bestow, O Guillotine!
(d) Giuseppe Mazzini is ‘the most dangerous enemy of our social order’
Question. What is Suffrage?
(a) The right to information
(b) The right to Speech
(c) The right to vote
(d) The right to freedom
Question. The Napoleonic Code was exported to which of the following regions?
(c) Regions under French control
Question. What happened to Poland at the end of 18th century. Which of the following answers is correct?
(a) Poland achieved independence at the end of the 18th century.
(b) Poland came totally under the control of Russia and became part of Russia.
(c) Poland became the part of East Germany.
(d) Poland was partitioned at the end of the 18th century by three Great Powers: Russia, Prussia and Austria.
Question. The first great revolution which gave the clear idea of nationalism with its core words: ‘Liberty, Equality and Fraternity’ was:
(a) The Russian Revolution
(b) The French Revolution
(c) The American Revolution
(d) India’s First War of Independence
Question. The liberal nationalism stands for:
(a) freedom for the individual and equality before law.
(b) preservation of autocracy and clerical privileges.
(c) freedom for only male members of society and equality before law.
(d) freedom only for senior citizens.
Question. Ernst Renan believed that the existence of nations is a necessity because
(a) it ensures protection to all inhabitants.
(b) it ensures liberty to all inhabitant citizens.
(c) it ensures Parliamentary form of government to its inhabitants.
(d) it ensures jobs and good health to all its inhabitants.
Question. Who was proclaimed the emperor of Germany in 1871?
(a) Otto Von Bismarck
(b) Victor Emmanuel II
(c) Count Cavour
(d) Kaiser William I of Prussia
Question. Who became the King of United Italy in 1861?
(a) Giuseppe Garibaldi
(b) Victor Emmanuel II
(c) Count Cavour
(d) Giuseppe Mazzini
Question. The allegory of the German nation who wears a crown of oak leaves was a:
(b) Union Jack
Question. Pick out the correct definition to define the term ‘Plebiscite’.
(a) Plebiscite is a direct vote by which only the female members of a region are asked to accept or reject a proposal.
(b) Plebiscite is a direct vote by the female members of a matriarchal system to accept or reject a proposal.
(c) Plebiscite is a direct vote by only a chosen few from the total population of a particular region to accept or reject a proposal.
(d) Plebiscite is a direct vote by which all the citizens of a region are asked to accept or reject a proposal.
Question. Which of the following statements about the ‘French Revolution’ are correct?
(i) After the end of the French Revolution it was proclaimed that it was the people who would henceforth constitute the nation and shape its destiny.
(ii) France will have a constitutional monarchy and the new republic will be headed by a member of the royal family.
(iii) A centralised administrative system will be put in place to formulate uniform laws for all citizens.
(iv) Imposition of internal custom duties and dues will continue to exist in France.
(a) (ii) and (iii)
(b) (ii) and (iv)
(c) (i) and (iii)
(d) (iii) and (iv)
Question. A large part of Balkan region was under the control of:
(a) Russian empire
(b) Ottoman empire
(c) German empire
(d) Habsburg rulers
Question. The Treaty of recognized Greece as an independent nation:
(a) Vienna 1815
(b) Constantinople 1832
(c) Warsaw 1814
(d) Leipzig 1813
Question. Regional dialects were discouraged and _________, became the common language of the nation.
(b) Polish language
Question. What mission did the revolutionaries declare as the destiny to the French people?
(a) to liberate the peoples of Europe from despotism – to help other peoples of Europe to become nations.
(b) to make a one nation state
(c) to become a democracy
(d) to become sovereign
Question. When did Napoleon invade Italy?
Question. What was ‘Young Italy’?
(a) Vision of Italy
(b) Secret society
(c) National anthem of Italy
(d) None of these
Question. Which of the following did not play a role to develop nationalist sentiments?
Question. What happened when the news of the events in France reached the different cities of Europe?
(a) There was tumult
(b) The people did not know how to react
(c) Students and other members of educated middle classes began setting up Jacobin clubs
(d) There was confusion and dissatisfaction in the air
Question. What was viewed as obstacle to economic change and growth by new commercial classes?
(a) Absence of railways
(b) Limited suffrage
(c) Customs duties
(d) Reduced status of women
Question. A merchant traveling from Hamburg to Nuremberg, in the first half of the nineteenth century, had to pass through how many customs barriers to sell his goods?
Question. In revolutionary France, who were granted exclusive rights to vote?
(a) All women
(b) Property-owning men
(c) Property-owning women
(d) All men
Question. What idea did the French armies carry abroad through the revolutionary wars?
(c) War Strategies
(d) Violence and bloodshed
Question. What did Napoleon do in the territory that was under his control?
(a) set about introducing many reforms
(b) set about war strategies
(c) worked for peace
(d) worked towards democratic ideas
Question. Napoleon had, no doubt, destroyed ___________ in France.
(c) Federal rule
Question. How did Karol Kurpinski celebrate the national struggle?
Question. Why was the kingdom of Netherlands, which included Belgium, set up in the North?
(a) To control censorship laws
(b) To curb government activities
(c) To prevent French expansion
(d) Both (a) and (b)
Question. What did Napoleon do to make the system efficient and rational in France?
(a) in the administrative field he had incorporated revolutionary principles
(b) brought about different reforms
(c) worked on military
(d) worked on the financial conditions
Question. What did the Civil Code of 1804 bring about?
(a) Right by birth to all facilities of state
(b) did away with all privileges based on birth, established equality before the law and secured the right to property.
(c) no right to property
(d) No right to equality
Question. What did Napoleon do in the rural areas of these regions?
(a) simplified administrative divisions, abolished the feudal system and freed peasants from serfdom and manorial due
(b) made administration strict
(c) encouraged the feudal system
(d) put taxes on the peasants
Question. What did the customs union or zollverein do?
(a) abolished tax
(b) abolished tariff barriers and reduced the number of currencies from over thirty to two
(c) abolished tariff charges and reduced the currencies to 5
(d) only abolished tariff barriers
Question. What was conservatism?
(a) strict rules on the society
(b) social norms became conservative
(c) monarchy, the Church, social hierarchies, property and the family – should be preserved
(d) different norms for different classes
Question. When did the Treaty of Vienna take place and who were the participants?
(a) 1816, Britain, Russia, Prussia
(b) 1815, Britain, Russia, Prussia, Austria
(c) 1820, Britain and Russia
(d) 1817, Russia, Prussia, Austria
Question. What was the main occupation in the mid 18th century in Europe?
(a) Trade and commerce
(d) All of the above
Question. What was the main feature of the pattern of land holding prevailing in the Eastern and Central Europe?
(b) Vast estates
(c) Small owners
Question. Which country began to use language as a weapon of national resistance?
Question. In which year did Louis Philippe flee and the National Assembly was proclaimed a Republic?
Question. Which area was the most serious source of nationalist tension in Europe after 1871?
(a) Southern Europe
(b) mid Europe
(c) Balkan States
(d) Eastern States
In each of following questions, a statemant of Assertion (A) is given followed by a corresponding statement of Reason (R). Select the correct answer to codes (a), (b) (c) or (d) as given below:
(a) Both (A) and (R) are true and (R) is the correct explanation of (A).
(b) Both (A) and (R) are true but (R) is not the correct explanation of (A).
(c) (A) is correct but (R) is wrong.
(d) (A) is wrong but (R) is correct.
Question. Assertion (A) : Serfdom and bonded labour were abolished in Habsburg dominion and Russia.
Reason (R) : Monarchs had realised that revolution could be resisted only by granting concessions to liberal-nationalist rebels.
(a) Both (A) and (R) are true and (R) is the correct explanation of (A)
Match the Following
|(i) Napoleonic wars||(a) Measure of cloth|
|(ii) Elle||(b) 1797|
|(iii) Giuseppe Mazzini||(c) Berne|
|(iv) Young Europe||(d) Prussia|
|(v) Kaiser William||(e) Geno|
(A) (i)-(b), (ii)-(a), (iii)-(e), (iv)-(c), (v)-(d)
(B) (i)-(d), (ii)-(a), (iii)-(e), (iv)-(c), (v)-(b)
(C) (i)-(b), (ii)-(e), (iii)-(a), (iv)-(c), (v)-(d)
(D) (i)-(b), (ii)-(a), (iii)-(c), (iv)-(e), (v)-(d)
Read the text given below and answer the questions that follows :
The first upheaval took place in France in July 1830.
The Bourbon king who had been restored to power during the conservative reaction after 1815, were now overthrown by liberal revolutionaries who installed a constitutional monarchy with Louis Phillip at its head. ‘When France sneezes,’ Metternich once remarked, ‘the rest of Europe catches cold, ‘The July Revolution sparked an uprising in Brussels which led to Belgium breaking away from the United Kingdom of the Netherlands. An event that mobilised nationalist feeling among the educated elite across Europe was the Greek war of independence. Greek had been part of the Ottoman Empire since the fifteenth century. The growth of revolutionary nationalism in Europe sparked off a struggle for independence amongst the Greeks which began in 1821. Poet and artist lauded Greece as the cradle of European civilisation and mobilised public opinion to support its struggle against a Muslim empire.The English poet Lord Byron organised funds and later went to fight in the war, where he died of fever in 1824. Finally, the Treaty of Constantinople of 1832 recognised Greece as an independent nation.
Answer the following MCQs by choosing the most appropriate option
Question. Who was the ruler of France at the beginning of the French Revolution ?
(a) Louis Phillipe IV
(b) Louis Phillipe XIII
(c) Louis Phillipe XVI
(d) Louis Phillipe XV
Question. ‘When France sneezes,the rest of Europe catches cold.’Who remarked the statement?
(a) Louis XVI
(d) Karl Marx
Question. Which incident marked the French Revolution?
(a) February Revolution
(b) April Revolution
(c) July Revolution
(d) October Revolution
Question ________ recognised Greece as an independent nation.
(a) Treaty of Paris
(b) Treaty of Versailles
(c) Treaty of Constantinople
(d) Treaty of Vienna