Please refer to the following Poverty Class 11 Economics MCQ Questions. These multiple choice questions have been prepared based on the latest examination pattern, NCERT book and syllabus issued by CBSE, NCERT and KVS. Students should go through all MCQ Questions for Class 11 Economics with answers as they will help them to prepare for the exams.
Poverty Class 11 Economics MCQ Questions
Question. Self Employment programmes include…
(a) Prime Minister Rojgar Yojana (PMRY)
(b) Sampoorna Grameen Rojgar Yojana (SGRJ)
(c) National Social Assistance Programme (NSAP)
(d) National Food for Work Programme (NFWP)
Question. The earlier “Food for Work Programme” has now been converted into
(a) Intensive Area Development Programme
(b) Integrated Rural Development Programme
(c) Mahatma Gandhi National Rural Employment Programme
(d) Minimum Needs Programme
Question. Who introduced the concept of “Jail Cost of Living”?
(a) Mahatma Gandhi
(c) Jawaharlal Nehru
(d) Sardar Vallabhai Patel
Question. Poverty data collected officially by…
(a) National Sample Survey Organization
(b) National Rural Development Programme
(c) National Statistical Department
(d) National Census Survey
Question. In which year “National Food for Work” programme was launched?
Question.Minimum calorie requirement in rural areas for per day is
(a) 1400 calorie
(b) 2100 calorie
(c) 2400 calorie
(d) 2800 calorie
Question. Which standard is used by the concept of absolute poverty to measure number of poor people?
Question. What is meant by H.C.R (Head Count Ratio) ?
When the number of poor is estimated as the proportion of people below the poverty line, it is known as Head Count Ratio.
Question. What is the difference between Relative and Absolute Poverty?
1. Relative Poverty:
(a) It refers to poverty of people in comparison to other people, regions or nations.
(b) Relative poverty helps in understanding the relative position of different segments of the population.
(a) It refers to the total number of people living below poverty line.
(b) Absolute poverty helps to measure the number of poor people.
Question.. Self-Employment Programmes
• Rural Employment Generation Programme (REGP)
• Prime Minister Rozgar Yojana (PMRY)
• Swarna Jayanti Shahri Rozgar Yojana (SJSRY)
• Swarn jayanti Gram Swarozgar Yojana (SGSY)
Question. Wage Employment Programme
• Sampoorna Grameena Rozgar Yojana (SGRY)
• National Food for Work Programme (NFFWP)
Question. Under MNERGA, What is the minimum number of days of employment in a year guaranteed? (HOTS)
100 days in a year
Question. Name the two measures of poverty
1. Absolute Poverty 2. Relative Poverty
Question. Name some of the Poverty Alleviation Programmes initiated by the government of India
There are two types of Poverty Elevation Programmes in India.
Question. Mention two wage employment programmes initiated by the government?
1. Sampoorna Grameen a Rojgar Yojana
2. National Food for Work Programme
Question. Name the programme initiated by the Government to help the elderly people, poor and destitute woman. (HOTS)
National Social Assistance Programme (NSAP)
Question. Briefly discuss the “Swarnjayanti Gram Swarojgar Yojana
• It aims at promoting micro enterprises and to bring the assisted poor families above the poverty line, by organizing them into Self Help Groups (SHGs)
• People who wish to benefit from this scheme are encouraged to form Self Help Groups (SHGs)
• They are encouraged to save some money and lend among themselves as small loans.
• The government provides partial finance assistance to SHGs
• This has now been restructured as National Rural Livelihood Machine (NRLM)
Question. Write a short note on “Minimum Needs Programme”
• It has been initiated from the fifth five year plan
• It aims to provide minimum basic amenities to the people
• To create employment opportunities and bring improvements in health and education
• Three major Programmes that aim at improving the food and nutrition status of the poor
• Public Distribution System (PDS)
• Integrated Child Development Scheme (ICDS)
• Mid-Day meals Scheme
Question. Explain “Mahatma Gandhi National Rural Employment Guarantee Act 2005”
• It aims at enhancing the livelihood security of people in rural areas by guaranteeing hundred days of wage employment in a financial year to a rural household whose adult members volunteer to do unskilled manual work.
• The poor who are ready to work at the minimum age can report for work in areas, where this programme is implemented.
• Nearly 5 Crore household got employment opportunities under this Act