Nelson Mandela Long Walk to Freedom Summary Class 10

Notes for Class 10

Students should read the Nelson Mandela Long Walk to Freedom Summary Class 10 English provided below prepared based on the NCERT Book for Class 10 English. In the summary, the teacher has provided the gist of the lesson. The students will be able to understand the entire chapter easily. Students should go through all Class 10 English Chapter Summary provided by us on our website.

Class 10 English Nelson Mandela Long Walk to Freedom Summary

Nelson Mandela became South Africa’s first Black President after more than three centuries of White rule. Mandela had spent a life time fight against ‘apartheid’. He had spent thirty years in prison fighting for the democratic rights of the Black and Coloured people of South Africa. Mr. Mandela’s African National Congress (ANC) party won 252 of the 400 seats in the first democratic elections of South Africa’s history. In this extract from his autobiography, Long Walk to Freedom, Nelson Mandela speaks about a

Summary in Hindi

तीन शताब्दियों से अधिक समय तक श्वेत शासन के बाद नेल्सन मंडेला दक्षिण अफ्रीका के पहले अश्वेत राष्ट्रपति बने। मंडेला ने ‘रंगभेद’ के खिलाफ जीवन भर लड़ाई लड़ी थी। उन्होंने दक्षिण अफ्रीका के अश्वेत और रंगीन लोगों के लोकतांत्रिक अधिकारों के लिए लड़ते हुए तीस साल जेल में बिताए थे। श्री मंडेला की अफ्रीकन नेशनल कांग्रेस (एएनसी) पार्टी ने दक्षिण अफ्रीका के इतिहास के पहले लोकतांत्रिक चुनावों में 400 में से 252 सीटें जीतीं। अपनी आत्मकथा, लॉन्ग वॉक टू फ़्रीडम के इस अंश में, नेल्सन मंडेला एक के बारे में बोलते हैं

Nelson Mandela Long Walk to Freedom Class 10 English Important Questions

Extract Based Comprehension Question Exercises

‘Never, never and never again shall it be that this beautiful land will again experience the oppression of one by another.
The sun shall never set on so glorious a human achievement’

Question & Answer

Question. Who is the speaker?
 The speaker is Nelson Mandela

Question. Which is the beautiful land the speaker refers to here?
The beautiful land is South Africa

Question. What is the ‘glorious a human achievement’ that the speaker talks about in the extract?
The freedom that the people of South Africa have attained/ freedom attained after the fight against ‘apartheid’/first democratic non-racial government.

Question. The idiom ‘The sun shall never set’ means:
i) It is always bright in the land
ii) The sun always shines in the land
iii) The people will enjoy the freedom attained forever
iv) It is never dark in the country

Ans. The people will enjoy the freedom attained forever

Extract Based Comprehension Question Exercises

’It is from these comrades in the struggle that I learned the meaning of courage. Time and again, I have seen men and women risk and give their lives for an idea. I have seen men stand up to attacks and torture without breaking, showing a strength and resilience that defies the imagination. I learnt that courage was not the absence of fear, but the triumph over it.’

Question & Answer

Question. Who learnt the meaning of courage?
 Nelson Mandela

Question. What has he seen again and again?
He has seen men and women risk and give their life for the idea of freedom, again and again

Question. What has he noticed (seen) about the people?
 He has seen men stand up to attacks and torture showing strength and resilience.

Question. Define ‘Courage’ as given here?
Ans. Courage doesn’t mean the absence of fear but the triumph over it. It mind to stand up to attacks without breaking, showing strength and resilience.

Short Answer Questions 

Questions. What according to Nelson Mandela is true freedom?
Ans. According to Mandela, true freedom means, not to be obstructed in leading a lawful life

Questions. What did Nelson Mandela pledge when he was sworn in as President?
Ans. Nelson Mandela pledged freedom and justice for all the black and coloured people of South Africa. He promised to uphold the constitution of his country and devote himself to liberate his people from the bondage of poverty, deprivation, suffering, gender and other discrimination. 

Long Answer Questions 

Questions. What were the difficulties Nelson Mandela encountered while fighting for freedom
 Nelson Mandela underwent extreme hardships and suffering. He was a true patriot and sacrificed his personal comforts and that of his family’s while demanding freedom and equality for all his countrymen. He and his comrades were oppressed, punished and imprisoned for resisting the white rule. He was imprisoned for almost thirty years. His persistence and sacrifice culminated in the independence of South Africa.

Questions. What were Nelson Mandela’s views on the policy of Apartheid?
Ans. Nelson Mandela says that Apartheid created a deep and lasting wound in his country. It cast a shadow on the people of South Africa – deep wounds that would take many years to heal. The oppression and brutality that the people of the nation had been subjected to had no parallel. From this situation arouse a spirit of aggression in the minds of men and produced men of extraordinary courage, wisdom and generosity. Mandela believed that the greatest wealth of South Africa are the people of the nation. The more the oppression rained on them the more the spirit to fight back was triggered in the minds of the people. In the end victory for the people of South Africa prevailed and they attained Independence on 10th May 1994.

Nelson Mandela Long Walk to Freedom Summary Class 10