Infant Mortality Rate can be defined as total number of children that die before the age of one year our of 1000 live children born in that particular year.
Literacy rate can be defined as proportion of literate population in the age group of 7 years & above.
Net attendance Ratio can be defined as the total number of children of 6-10 years age group attending school out of total no. of children in the same age group.
Per capital income :
= Total Income from all the sectors / Total Population
= Total National Income / Total Population
BMI can be calculated by taping the weight of a person (kgs) & height (mtr) then divide the weight by the square of the height of a person. If the result is less than 18.5 then person in under nourished & if more than 25, then person is over weight.
HDI (Human Development Index) Rank of India in the World is 136.
Key Points to Remember:
Development:- Development is generally defined as growth. Some of the important goals are – seeking more income, equal treatment, freedom, security, and respect from others.
Different people have different development goals. What may be development for one May not be for the other. It may be destructive for the other.
One would consider earning more income, being a common factor among people. With this income, they buy services and goods for their daily needs.
Per capita Income = Total National Income/Total Population
For comparing countries, their Income is considered to be one of the most important attributes.
National development refers to the ability of a nation to improve the lives of its citizens. Measures of improvement may be material, such as availability of healthcare etc.
Sustainable Development is development that meets the needs of the present without compromising the ability of future generations to meet their own needs.
We have not inherited the world from our forefathers — we have borrowed it from our children.
Human Development Index is a composite statistic of life expectancy, education and per capita income indicators, which are used to rank countries in four tires of human development.