Students can refer to Notes And Questions For NCERT Class 10 Social Science Forest and Wildlife Resources below designed as per the latest syllabus and examination patter for CBSE Class 10 Social Science
Before You Read:
• Natural Vegetation: Natural vegetation refers to a plant community which has grown naturally It is also known as virgin vegetation.
Ex: Forests (woodlands), Grasslands etc.
• Wildlife: Wild animals living in the natural environment.
• Flora: Plants of a particular region or period.
• Fauna: The species of animals.
• Eco-system: All the plants and animals in an area are inter dependent and inter related to each other in their physical environment, thusforming an ecosystem.
• Endemic plants: The virgin (plants) vegetation, which are purely indian. They are also known as indigenous species.
• Zoological parks: Reserved gardens for wild animals and birds.
• Wildlife sanctuaries: Natural forests where hunting and poaching of wild animals and birds are prohibited.
• Biodiversity or Biological diversity: Refers to diverse form of plants and animals which are closely integrated and interdependent.
• Endangered Species: These are species which are in danger of extinction
Ex: Indian wild ass, indian rhino, black buck, crocodile, sangai, lion tailed macaque, etc.
• Extinct Species: These are species which are not found after searches of known or likely areas where they may occur.
Ex: Asiatic cheetah, pink head duck.
• Vulnerable Species: These are species whose population has declined to levels from where it is likely to move into the endangered category in the near future, if the negative factors continue to operate.
Ex: Blue sheep, asiatic elephant, gangetic dolphin, etc.
• India is rich in its flora. It has about 47,000 plant species and about 15,000. Flowering species are endemic to india.
• India is also rich in its flora. It has more than 81000 of animal species. The country has more than 1200 species of birds. There are 2,500 species of fish and more than 2500 species of insects.
• There are five types of forests in India.
(1) Tropical Evergreen
(2) Tropical deciduous
• Human beings cut the trees and kill the animals creating ecological imbalance.
• “Project tiger” One of the well publicised wildlife campaigns in the world, was launched in indian 1973.
• The Indian wildlife protection act was implemented in 1972 and later in 1980, 1986, and 1991 some other provisions were added.
• Community had played and can play a vital role in the conservation of forests and wildlife in India.
• The biological loss through destruction of forests and wildlife is strongly corrected with loss of cultural diversity.
• The greatest damage inflicated on India’s forests was during the colonial period.
• Among the largest animals in india, 7 species of mammals, 44 of birds, 15 of reptiles, and 3 of amplibians are threatened.
• Nearly 1500 plant species are considered endangered Asian cheetah is nearly extinct due to a decline of a vailable habitat and prey.
• “Taxol” a chemical compound extracted from the himalayan yew is the biggest selling anti-cancer drug in the world.
• In some tribal areas Poverty is a direct outcome of environmental destruction.
• American consumes 40 times more resources than an average somalian.
• The Nicobar megapode is an endangered bird species.
• If we share books after passing a class we may save trees.
• As per U.N. report per head trees in our country are 28 only while the number in 8953 in canada, 4461 in russia, 716 in USA and 102 in china.
• In every five years our environment become hotter by 1 degrees celsius.
Categories of Plants and Animal Species