Notes Class 9 Social Science Chapter 1 India Size and Location

Notes for Class 9

Please refer to India Size and Location Class 9 Social Science Notes and important questions below. The Class 9 Social Science Chapter wise notes have been prepared based on the latest syllabus issued for the current academic year by CBSE. Students should revise these notes and go through important Class 9 Social Science examination questions given below to obtain better marks in exams

India Size and Location Class 9 Social Science Notes and Questions

The below Class 9 India Size and Location notes have been designed by expert Social Science teachers. These will help you a lot to understand all the important topics given in your NCERT Class 9 Social Science textbook.

Refer to Chapter 1 India Size and Location Notes below which have been designed as per the latest syllabus issued by CBSE and will be very useful for upcoming examinations to help clear your concepts and get better marks in examinations.

India is an ancient civilisation but now it is a developing nation. It has shown remarkable progress in various fields.


  • India lies entirely in the Northern Hemisphere.
  • India’s mainland extends between 8°4’N and 37°8’N latitudes, and 68°7’E and 97°25’E longitudes.
  • The Tropic of Cancer (23°30°’N) divides India into two almost equal parts.
  • The island groups of Lakshadweep and Andman & Nicobar are also part of India.


  • Covering an area of 3.28 million square kilometres, India’s total area is 2.4% of the total geographical area of the world.
  • India is the world’s seventh largest country with a land boundary of about 15,200 km, with total length of the coastline being 7,516.6 km.
  • India’s east-west extent appears to be smaller than the north-south extent.
  • India’s latitudinal and longitudinal extent is about 30 degrees.
  • India’s standard time is based on 82.30 degrees E meridian, which passes near Mirzapur in UP.
  • Latitudinal extent influences duration of the day and night.

India and the World

  • The Indian landmass is centrally located between West and East Asia.
  • The trans Indian ocean routes connect countries in the west and counties in the east.
  • India’s protruding Deccan Peninsula helped India to establish close contacts with West Asia, Africa and Europe, South-east and East Asia.
  • India’s contacts with the world via land routes are much more than her maritime contacts.
  • India is the only nation which has a ocean named after it.
  • India has contributed a lot to the world in forms of ideas, philosophies (Upanishads,
  • Ramayana, Panchtantra) and mathematics (Indian numerals and decimal system).
  • In exchange, India’s architecture was influenced by Greek sculpture and architectural styles from West Asia.

India’s Neighbours

  • India has an important position in South Asia and has 29 States and 7 Union Territories.
  • India shares its boundaries with Pakistan, Afghanistan, China, Nepal, Bangladesh, Myanmar and Bhutan.
  • The southern neighbours across the sea consist of the two island countries, namely Maldives and Sri Lanka.
  • Shri Lanka is separated from India by Pak Strait, a narrow strip of sea.
  • India always have and had strong geographical and historical links with her neighbours.
  • India stands apart from the rest of Asia.
India Size and Location Class 9 Social Science Notes